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The Hidden Ocean: Explorations Under the Ice of the Western Arctic - The Pelagic Fauna: Phase II
 (MI_Metadata)
    fileIdentifier:  HiddenOcean2005
    language:  eng; USA
    characterSet:  (MD_CharacterSetCode) utf8
    hierarchyLevel:  (MD_ScopeCode) collectionSession
    hierarchyLevelName:  collection-level metadata
    contact:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
        organisationName:  NOAA/OAR/OER - Ocean Exploration and Research
        contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
            phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                voice:  301-734-1014
                facsimile:  301-713-4252
            address:  (CI_Address)
                deliveryPoint:  1315 East-West Hwy, SSMC3, #10210
                city:  Silver Spring
                administrativeArea:  MD
                postalCode:  20910
                country:  USA
                electronicMailAddress:  oceanexplorer@noaa.gov
            hoursOfService:  8am-5pm, Monday through Friday
            contactInstructions:
        role:  (CI_RoleCode) resourceProvider
    dateStamp:  2009-07-30
    metadataStandardName:  ISO 19115-2 Geographic Information - Metadata - Part 2: Extensions for Imagery and Gridded Data
    metadataStandardVersion:  ISO 19115-2:2009
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    identificationInfo:  (MD_DataIdentification)
        citation:  (CI_Citation)
            title:  The Hidden Ocean: Explorations Under the Ice of the Western Arctic - The Pelagic Fauna: Phase II
            date:  (CI_Date)
                date:  2005
                dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
            citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                    onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                        linkage: http://www.ncddc.noaa.gov/website/google_maps/OE/mapsOE.htm?survey=
                        name:  OER Digital Atlas
                        function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                role:  (CI_RoleCode) pointOfContact
        abstract:  In June/July 2005, an international team of 45 scientists from the United States, Canada, China and Russia participated in a collaborative effort to explore the frigid depths of the Canada Basin, located in one of the deepest parts of the Arctic Ocean. This expedition is named "The Hidden Ocean" because this part of the Arctic Ocean is covered with sea ice for most of the year and thus difficult to reach. Therefore very little information is currently available about the diversity of life in this region of the world although this information is urgently needed to build a baseline of data to evaluate the impacts of changing environmental conditions, including warming and ice melt in the Arctic over the last four decades. Operating from the U.S. Coast Guard icebreaker Healy and funded by NOAA's Office of Ocean Exploration, scientists examined the hidden world of life in these extreme conditions with the aid of divers, photographic platforms and a remotely operated vehicle (ROV) specially designed to operate under ice and at great depth. More traditional techniques like ice coring, plankton nets and bottom trawls supported these efforts.
        purpose:  The scientific sampling approach covers the microscopic organisms found in the sea ice (sea ice biota) and in the sea water (mainly phytoplankton), as well as larger animals in the sea water (zooplankton) and at the sea floor (zoobenthos). The studies will try to understand linkages that exist between ice, water and sea floor in this harsh environment from the surface of the ice to the bottom of the deep sea.
        status:  (MD_ProgressCode) completed
        pointOfContact:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
            individualName:  Dr. Rolf Gradinger
            organisationName:  University of Alaska Fairbanks
            positionName:  Professor
            contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                    voice:  907-474-7407
                address:  (CI_Address)
                    deliveryPoint:  University of Alaska Fairbanks
                    deliveryPoint:  252 O'Neill
                    city:  Fairbanks
                    administrativeArea:  AK
                    postalCode:  32358
                    country:  USA
                    electronicMailAddress:  rrgradinger@alaska.edu
            role:  (CI_RoleCode)
        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
            keyword:  EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) theme
            thesaurusName: (inapplicable)
        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
            keyword:  Ocean Exploration
            keyword:  rov
            keyword:  scuba
            keyword:  arctic
            keyword:  census of marine life
            keyword:  sea ice
            keyword:  USCG Healy
            keyword:  ice corer
            keyword:  ice diver
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) theme
            thesaurusName: (inapplicable)
        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
            keyword:  expedition
            keyword:  exploration
            keyword:  explorer
            keyword:  marine education
            keyword:  noaa
            keyword:  ocean
            keyword:  ocean discovery
            keyword:  ocean education
            keyword:  ocean exploration
            keyword:  ocean exploration and research
            keyword:  ocean literacy
            keyword:  ocean research
            keyword:  science
            keyword:  scientific research
            keyword:  sea
            keyword:  stewardship
            keyword:  systematic exploration
            keyword:  technology
            keyword:  transformational research
            keyword:  undersea
            keyword:  underwater
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) theme
            thesaurusName: (inapplicable)
        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
            keyword:  Arctic Ocean
            keyword:  Canada Basin
            keyword:  Northwind Ridge
            keyword:  Northwest Abyssal Plain
            keyword:  Chukchi Plateau
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) place
            thesaurusName: (inapplicable)
        resourceConstraints:  (MD_LegalConstraints)
            accessConstraints:  (MD_RestrictionCode) otherRestrictions
            useConstraints:  (MD_RestrictionCode) otherRestrictions
            otherConstraints:  Data use shall be credited to NOAA Office of Ocean Exploration and Research. No data access constraints, unless data are protected under the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966.
        aggregationInfo:  (MD_AggregateInformation)
            aggregateDataSetName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  NOAA Office of Ocean Exploration and Research
                date: (inapplicable)
                citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                        phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                            voice:  (301) 734-1014
                            facsimile:  (301) 713-4252
                        address:  (CI_Address)
                            deliveryPoint:  1315 East-West Highway, SSMC#3, #10210
                            city:  Silver Spring
                            administrativeArea:  Maryland
                            postalCode:  20910
                            country:  USA
                            electronicMailAddress:  oceanexplorer@noaa.gov
                        onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                            linkage: http://oceanexplorer.noaa.gov/
                            name:  NOAA Office of Ocean Exploration and Research Ocean Explorer Website
                            function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) pointOfContact
            associationType:  (DS_AssociationTypeCode) largerWorkCitation
            initiativeType:  (DS_InitiativeTypeCode) program
        language:  eng; USA
        topicCategory:  (MD_TopicCategoryCode) oceans
        extent:  (EX_Extent)
            geographicElement:  (EX_GeographicBoundingBox)
                westBoundLongitude:  -163.502166667
                eastBoundLongitude:  -151.589833333
                southBoundLatitude:  71.2645
                northBoundLatitude:  76.4578333333
            temporalElement:  (EX_TemporalExtent)
                extent:
                  TimePeriod:
                    beginPosition:  2005-06-27
                    endPosition:  2005-07-26
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    distributionInfo:  (MD_Distribution)
        transferOptions:  (MD_DigitalTransferOptions)
            onLine:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                linkage: https://oceanexplorer.noaa.gov/explorations/05arctic/welcome.html
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    metadataMaintenance:  (MD_MaintenanceInformation)
        maintenanceAndUpdateFrequency: (unknown)
        contact:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
            organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
            contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                    voice:  (228) 688-2936
                    facsimile:  (228) 688-2968
                address:  (CI_Address)
                    deliveryPoint:  1021 Balch Blvd.
                    city:  Stennis Space Center
                    administrativeArea:  MS
                    postalCode:  39529
                    country:  USA
                    electronicMailAddress:  oer.info.mgmt@noaa.gov
                hoursOfService:  8:00 - 5:00 CST
            role:  (CI_RoleCode) pointOfContact