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Solar Features - Solar Flares
 (MI_Metadata)
    fileIdentifier:  gov.noaa.ngdc.stp.solar:solar-features_solar-flares
    language:  eng; U.S.A.
    characterSet:  (MD_CharacterSetCode) utf8
    hierarchyLevel:  (MD_ScopeCode) nonGeographicDataset
    hierarchyLevel:  (MD_ScopeCode) series
    contact:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
        individualName:  William Denig
        organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
        contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
            phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                voice:  (303) 497-6323
                facsimile:  (303) 497-6513
            address:  (CI_Address)
                deliveryPoint:  325 Broadway E/GC2
                city:  Boulder
                administrativeArea:  CO
                postalCode:  80305
                country:  USA
                electronicMailAddress:  solar.ngdc@noaa.gov
            hoursOfService:  7:30 - 4:30 Mountain
        role:  (CI_RoleCode) pointOfContact
    dateStamp:  2015-10-02
    metadataStandardName:  ISO 19115-2 Geographic Information - Metadata - Part 2: Extensions for Imagery and Gridded Data
    metadataStandardVersion:  ISO 19115-2:2009(E)
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    referenceSystemInfo: (missing)
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    identificationInfo:  (MD_DataIdentification)
        citation:  (CI_Citation)
            title:  Solar Features - Solar Flares
            date:  (CI_Date)
                date:  2014-08-10
                dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  solarFeatures
            citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                organisationName:  NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information
                role:  (CI_RoleCode) publisher
            citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                organisationName:  These data were acquired from various providers. Please reference the recommended citation text within the documentation section associated with each dataset. Overall Scientific Data Stewardship provided by the National Geophysical Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce.
                role:  (CI_RoleCode) originator
            presentationForm:
        abstract:  A solar flare is a short-lived sudden increase in the intensity of radiation emitted in the neighborhood of sunspots. For many years it was best monitored in the H-alpha wavelength and occurs in the chromosphere, though occasionally white light flares are seen in the photosphere. In modern times the solar X-ray wavelengths are monitored via satellite for solar flares. Flares are characterized by a rise time of the order of minutes and a decay time of the order of tens of minutes. The total energy expended in a typical flare is about 1030 ergs; the magnetic field is extraordinarily high reaching values of 100 to 10,000 gauss. Optical flares in H-alpha are usually accompanied by radio and X-ray bursts and occasionally by high-energy particle emissions. The optical brightness and size of the flare are indicated by a two-character code called "importance." The first character, a number from 1 to 4, indicates the apparent area. For areas of less than 1, an "S" is used to designate a subflare. The second character indicates relative brilliance: B for bright, N for normal and F for faint. A general discussion of solar flares is found in Svestka [1976]. The NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information (formerly NGDC) holds archives for about 80 stations, covering the period 1938 to the present. Currently 5 stations send their data to NGDC Boulder on a routine monthly basis -- the current main observing emphasis for Space Weather has transitioned to Coronal Mass Ejections (CMEs) which directly impact the Earth's geomagnetic field. Solar flares impact the Earth's upper atmosphere and can eject high energy particles that can cause satellite failures. The flare reports were processed and published in the monthly report "Solar-Geophysical Data" and in a different format in the IAU "Quarterly Bulletin on Solar Activity."
        purpose:  To provide scientific data stewardship of solar-terrestrial datasets in compliance with NOAA Administrative Order (NAO) 212-15, "Management of Environmental and Geospatial Data and Information", dated 04 Nov 10. Scientific Data Stewardship includes the Archive, Access, and Assessment (AAA) of operational and related solar and space environmental datasets.
        credit:  Data access provided by the NOAA Solar and Terrestrial Physics Division. Numerous solar observatories have contributed to this collection - please refer to the Lineage section of this metadata record.
        status:  (MD_ProgressCode) underDevelopment
        pointOfContact:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
            individualName:  William Denig
            organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
            contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                    voice:  (303) 497-6323
                    facsimile:  (303) 497-6513
                address:  (CI_Address)
                    deliveryPoint:  325 Broadway E/GC2
                    city:  Boulder
                    administrativeArea:  CO
                    postalCode:  80305
                    country:  USA
                    electronicMailAddress:  solar.ngdc@noaa.gov
                hoursOfService:  7:30 - 4:30 Mountain
            role:  (CI_RoleCode) pointOfContact
        resourceMaintenance:  (MD_MaintenanceInformation)
            maintenanceAndUpdateFrequency:  (MD_MaintenanceFrequencyCode) annually
        graphicOverview:  (MD_BrowseGraphic)
            fileName: https://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/stp/space-weather/solar-data/solar-features/solar-flares/documentation/miscellaneous/browse-graphic_sxi_20120307.jpg
            fileDescription:  Browse image of sun from the NOAA Solar X-ray Imager (SXI) for 07-March-2012 with the X-ray Sensor (XRS) superimposed below the image.
            fileType:  Joint Photographic Experts Group (jpg) format
        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
            keyword:  Sun-Earth Interactions > Solar Activity > Flares
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) theme
            thesaurusName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  NASA/GCMD Earth Science Keywords; Olsen, L.M., G. Major, K. Shein, J. Scialdone, R. Vogel, S. Leicester, H. Weir, S. Ritz, T. Stevens, M. Meaux, C.Solomon, R. Bilodeau, M. Holland, T. Northcutt, R. A. Restrepo, 2007 . NASA/Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Earth Science Keywords. Version 6.0.0.0.0.
                date:  (CI_Date)
                    date:  2007
                    dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
            keyword:  > Solar Region > Photosphere
            keyword:  Space > Solar Region > Chromosphere
            keyword:  Space > Solar Region > Corona
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) place
            thesaurusName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  NASA/GCMD Location Keywords; Olsen, L.M., G. Major, K. Shein, J. Scialdone, R. Vogel, S. Leicester, H. Weir, S. Ritz, T. Stevens, M. Meaux, C.Solomon, R. Bilodeau, M. Holland, T. Northcutt, R. A. Restrepo, 2007 . NASA/Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Earth Science Keywords. Version 6.0.0.0.0.
                date:  (CI_Date)
                    date:  2007
                    dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
            keyword:  Solar/Space Observing Instruments > Photon/Optical Detectors
            keyword:  Solar/Space Observing Instruments > Photon/Optical Detectors > Telescopes
            keyword:  Solar/Space Observing Instruments > Photon/Optical Detectors > Telescopes > > SOLAR TELESCOPES
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) instrument
            thesaurusName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  NASA/GCMD Instrument Keywords; Olsen, L.M., G. Major, K. Shein, J. Scialdone, R. Vogel, S. Leicester, H. Weir, S. Ritz, T. Stevens, M. Meaux, C.Solomon, R. Bilodeau, M. Holland, T. Northcutt, R. A. Restrepo, 2007 . NASA/Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Earth Science Keywords. Version 6.0.0.0.0.
                date:  (CI_Date)
                    date:  2007
                    dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
            keyword:  Solar/Space Observation Satellites
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) platform
            thesaurusName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  NASA/GCMD Platform Keywords; Olsen, L.M., G. Major, K. Shein, J. Scialdone, R. Vogel, S. Leicester, H. Weir, S. Ritz, T. Stevens, M. Meaux, C.Solomon, R. Bilodeau, M. Holland, T. Northcutt, R. A. Restrepo, 2007 . NASA/Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Earth Science Keywords. Version 6.0.0.0.0.
                date:  (CI_Date)
                    date:  2007
                    dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
            keyword:  ICSU-WDS > International Council for Science - World Data System
            keyword:  NOAA - Space Weather Program
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) project
            thesaurusName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Project Keywords
                date:  (CI_Date)
                    date:  2018-03-28
                    dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
                edition:  8.6
                citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    organisationName:  NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Earth Science Data and Information System
                    contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                        onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                            linkage: https://earthdata.nasa.gov/about/gcmd/global-change-master-directory-gcmd-keywords
                            name:  Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Keywords
                            description:  The information provided on this page seeks to define how the GCMD Keywords are structured, used and accessed. It also provides information on how users can participate in the further development of the keywords.
                            function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) custodian
        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
            keyword:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
            keyword:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NGDC > National Geophysical Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) dataCenter
            thesaurusName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Data Center Keywords
                date:  (CI_Date)
                    date:  2018-03-18
                    dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
                edition:  8.6
                citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    organisationName:  NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Earth Science Data and Information System
                    contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                        onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                            linkage: https://earthdata.nasa.gov/about/gcmd/global-change-master-directory-gcmd-keywords
                            name:  Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Keywords
                            description:  The information provided on this page seeks to define how the GCMD Keywords are structured, used and accessed. It also provides information on how users can participate in the further development of the keywords.
                            function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) custodian
        resourceConstraints:  (MD_LegalConstraints)
            accessConstraints:  (MD_RestrictionCode) otherRestrictions
            useConstraints:  (MD_RestrictionCode) otherRestrictions
            otherConstraints:  Access Constraints: None Use Constraints: None Distribution Liability: While every effort has been made to ensure that these data are accurate and reliable within the limits of the current state of the art, NOAA cannot assume liability for any damages caused by any errors or omissions in the data, nor as a result of the failure of the data to function on a particular system. NOAA makes no warranty, expressed or implied, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty.
        spatialRepresentationType: (missing)
        spatialResolution: (missing)  (MD_Resolution)
            equivalentScale:
        language:  eng; U.S.A.
        characterSet: (missing)
        topicCategory:  (MD_TopicCategoryCode) geoscientificInformation
        topicCategory:  (MD_TopicCategoryCode) climatologyMeteorologyAtmosphere
        extent:  (EX_Extent)
            description:  Data acquired from NOAA observing systems plus other datasets provided through the World Data Service for Geophysics, Boulder.
            geographicElement:  (EX_GeographicBoundingBox)
                westBoundLongitude:  -180
                eastBoundLongitude:  180
                southBoundLatitude:  -90
                northBoundLatitude:  90
            temporalElement:  (EX_TemporalExtent)
                extent:
                  TimePeriod:
                    description:  Dataset Extent
                    beginPosition:  1938-01-01
                    endPosition:  Present
            verticalElement:  (EX_VerticalExtent)
                minimumValue:
                  Real:  0
                maximumValue:
                  Real:  0
                verticalCRS: (inapplicable)
        supplementalInformation:  Collection consists of tabular lists and information related to solar flares.
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    contentInfo:  (MI_CoverageDescription)
        attributeDescription: (inapplicable)
        contentType:  (MD_CoverageContentTypeCode)
        dimension:  (MD_Band)
            sequenceIdentifier:
              MemberName:
                aName:  Tables and Listings of Solar Flares
                attributeType:
        dimension:  (MD_Band)
            descriptor:  Collection includes a variety of solar-flare datasets
        dimension:  (MD_Band)
            units: (inapplicable)
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    distributionInfo:  (MD_Distribution)
        distributionFormat:  (MD_Format)
            name:  pdf
            version: (unknown)
            specification:  Most data provided as ASCII text files.
        distributionFormat:  (MD_Format)
            name:  txt
            version: (unknown)
            specification:  Some data provide in American Standard Code for Information Interchange (ASCII) text format.
        distributionFormat:  (MD_Format)
            name:  TBD
            version: (unknown)
            specification:  Some data provided in non-standard formats
        distributor:  (MD_Distributor)
            distributorContact:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                individualName:  William Denig
                organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
                contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                    phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                        voice:  (303) 497-6323
                        facsimile:  (303) 497-6513
                    address:  (CI_Address)
                        deliveryPoint:  325 Broadway E/GC2
                        city:  Boulder
                        administrativeArea:  CO
                        postalCode:  80305
                        country:  USA
                        electronicMailAddress:  solar.ngdc@noaa.gov
                    hoursOfService:  7:30 - 4:30 Mountain
                role:  (CI_RoleCode) pointOfContact
            distributionOrderProcess:  (MD_StandardOrderProcess)
                fees:  Data can be downloaded free of charge.
        transferOptions:  (MD_DigitalTransferOptions)
            unitsOfDistribution:  Tabular lists and tables
            transferSize: (unknown)
            onLine:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                linkage: https://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/stp/space-weather/solar-data/solar-features/solar-flares/
                name:  Space Flares
                description:  Various datasets on hydrogen-alpha flares, x-ray flares and related information.
                function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode)
            offLine:  (MD_Medium)
                name:  (MD_MediumNameCode)
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    dataQualityInfo:  (DQ_DataQuality)
        scope:  (DQ_Scope)
            level:  (MD_ScopeCode) repository
            levelDescription:  (MD_ScopeDescription)
                other:  NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information
        lineage:  (LI_Lineage)
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  NOAA created the National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) by merging NOAA's National Climatic Data Center (NCDC), National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC), and National Oceanographic Data Center (NODC), including the National Coastal Data Development Center (NCDDC), per the Consolidated and Further Continuing Appropriations Act, 2015, Public Law 113-235. NCEI launched publicly on April 22, 2015.
                dateTime:
                  DateTime:  2015-04-22T00:00:00
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    dataQualityInfo:  (DQ_DataQuality)
        scope:  (DQ_Scope)
            level:  (MD_ScopeCode) series
        report:  (DQ_CompletenessCommission)
            evaluationMethodDescription:  Collection includes a variety of solar-flare related datasets acquired from ground-based and space-based platforms.
            result: (unknown)
        report:  (DQ_DomainConsistency)
            evaluationMethodDescription:  Datasets prepared by professional staff within the Solar and Terrestrial Physics Division at the National Geophysical Data Center.
            result: (unknown)
        report:  (DQ_ConceptualConsistency)
            measureDescription:  Datasets prepared by professional staff within the Solar and Terrestrial Physics Division at the National Geophysical Data Center.
            result: (unknown)
        report:  (DQ_FormatConsistency)
            evaluationMethodDescription:  Datasets prepared by professional staff within the Solar and Terrestrial Physics Division at the National Geophysical Data Center.
            result: (unknown)
        report:  (DQ_AbsoluteExternalPositionalAccuracy)
            evaluationMethodDescription:  Not applicable
            result: (unknown)
        report:  (DQ_ThematicClassificationCorrectness)
            evaluationMethodDescription:  Solar flare lists and characterizations.
            result: (unknown)
        report:  (DQ_GriddedDataPositionalAccuracy)
            evaluationMethodDescription:  Supporting metatdata included with the data.
            result: (unknown)
        report:  (DQ_AccuracyOfATimeMeasurement)
            evaluationMethodDescription:  TBD
            result: (unknown)
        lineage:  (LI_Lineage)
            statement:  Authoritative data provided by various institutions.
            processStep:  (LI_ProcessStep)
                description:  Datasets have been organized into various reports and tables.
                dateTime:
                  DateTime:  2014-08-01T00:00:00
                processor:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    individualName:  William Denig
                    organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NGDC > National Geophysical Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) processor
                source:  (LI_Source)
                    description:  The NOAA Solar and Terrestrial Physics Division is responsible for managing this collection.
                    sourceCitation:  (CI_Citation)
                        title:  Collection included as a part of the NGDC Official Archive.
                        alternateTitle:  Solar Features - Solar Flares
                        date:  (CI_Date)
                            date:  2014-08-08
                            dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
                        citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                            organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NGDC > National Geophysical Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
                            role:  (CI_RoleCode) resourceProvider
                    sourceExtent:  (EX_Extent)
                        temporalElement:  (EX_TemporalExtent)
                            extent:
                              TimePeriod:
                                description:  ground condition
                                beginPosition:  1938-01-01
                                endPosition:  Present
            processStep:  (LI_ProcessStep)
                description:  Datasets prepared by professional staff within the Solar and Terrestrial Physics Division at the National Geophysical Data Center.
            source:  (LI_Source)
                description:  Flares observed in H-alpha.
                sourceCitation:  (CI_Citation)
                    title:  Solar Flares: H-alpha
                    date: (withheld)
                    citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                        organisationName:  NOAA National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC)
                        contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                            phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                                voice:  303 497-6323
                                facsimile:  303 497-6513
                            address:  (CI_Address)
                                deliveryPoint:  325 Broadway, E/GC2
                                city:  Boulder
                                administrativeArea:  Colorado
                                postalCode:  80305-3337
                                country:  U.S.A.
                                electronicMailAddress:  solar.ngdc@noaa.gov
                            onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                                linkage: https://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/
                                name:  NOAA National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC)
                                description:  NOAA's National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC) provides scientific stewardship, products, and services for geophysical data from the Sun to the Earth and Earth's sea floor and solid earth environment, including Earth observations from space.
                        role:  (CI_RoleCode) resourceProvider
                sourceExtent:  (EX_Extent)
                    temporalElement:  (EX_TemporalExtent)
                        extent:
                          TimePeriod:
                            beginPosition:  1938-04-01
                            endPosition:  2010-12-30
            source:  (LI_Source)
                description:  Solar H-alpha Flare Patrol.
                sourceCitation:  (CI_Citation)
                    title:  Solar Flares: Flare Patrol
                    date: (withheld)
                    citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                        organisationName:  NOAA National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC)
                        contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                            phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                                voice:  303 497-6323
                                facsimile:  303 497-6513
                            address:  (CI_Address)
                                deliveryPoint:  325 Broadway, E/GC2
                                city:  Boulder
                                administrativeArea:  Colorado
                                postalCode:  80305-3337
                                country:  U.S.A.
                                electronicMailAddress:  solar.ngdc@noaa.gov
                            onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                                linkage: https://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/
                                name:  NOAA National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC)
                                description:  NOAA's National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC) provides scientific stewardship, products, and services for geophysical data from the Sun to the Earth and Earth's sea floor and solid earth environment, including Earth observations from space.
                        role:  (CI_RoleCode) resourceProvider
                sourceExtent:  (EX_Extent)
                    temporalElement:  (EX_TemporalExtent)
                        extent:
                          TimePeriod:
                            beginPosition:  1955-01-10
                            endPosition:  2010-11-30
            source:  (LI_Source)
                description:  Daily flare activity index.
                sourceCitation:  (CI_Citation)
                    title:  Solar Flares: Flare Index
                    date: (withheld)
                    citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                        organisationName:  Kandilli Observatory and Earthquake Research Institute
                        contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                            phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                                voice:  +90-212-359-54-00
                                facsimile:  +90-216-332-26-81
                            address:  (CI_Address)
                                deliveryPoint:  Bogazici University, 34342, Bebek
                                city:  Istanbul
                                administrativeArea:  Turkey
                                postalCode:  n/a
                                country:  Turkey
                                electronicMailAddress:  jeofizik@boun.edu.tr
                            onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                                linkage: http://www.koeri.boun.edu.tr/jeofizik/
                                name:  Department of Geophysics, Bogazici University
                                description:  Geophysics Department at Bogazici University, Kandilli Observatory and Earthquake Research Institute gives the highest priority to original research with the aim of promoting young researchers and scientists reflecting the mobility of the modern science and the fast progress in technology within their research, together with the essential human qualities such as environmental awareness and preservation of the nature, while identifying and providing solutions in the part of the world we are living.
                        role:  (CI_RoleCode) resourceProvider
                sourceExtent:  (EX_Extent)
                    temporalElement:  (EX_TemporalExtent)
                        extent:
                          TimePeriod:
                            beginPosition:  1976-01-01
                            endPosition:  2009-12-31
            source:  (LI_Source)
                description:  Flares observed in x-rays.
                sourceCitation:  (CI_Citation)
                    title:  Solar Flares: X-rays
                    date: (withheld)
                    citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                        organisationName:  NOAA National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC)
                        contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                            phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                                voice:  303 497-6323
                                facsimile:  303 497-6513
                            address:  (CI_Address)
                                deliveryPoint:  325 Broadway, E/GC2
                                city:  Boulder
                                administrativeArea:  Colorado
                                postalCode:  80305-3337
                                country:  U.S.A.
                                electronicMailAddress:  solar.ngdc@noaa.gov
                            onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                                linkage: https://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/
                                name:  NOAA National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC)
                                description:  NOAA's National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC) provides scientific stewardship, products, and services for geophysical data from the Sun to the Earth and Earth's sea floor and solid earth environment, including Earth observations from space.
                        role:  (CI_RoleCode) resourceProvider
                sourceExtent:  (EX_Extent)
                    temporalElement:  (EX_TemporalExtent)
                        extent:
                          TimePeriod:
                            beginPosition:  1968-03-21
                            endPosition:  2011-02-28
            source:  (LI_Source)
                description:  Sudden ionospheric disturbances.
                sourceCitation:  (CI_Citation)
                    title:  Solar Flares: SIDs
                    date: (withheld)
                    citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                        organisationName:  NOAA National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC)
                        contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                            phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                                voice:  303 497-6323
                                facsimile:  303 497-6513
                            address:  (CI_Address)
                                deliveryPoint:  325 Broadway, E/GC2
                                city:  Boulder
                                administrativeArea:  Colorado
                                postalCode:  80305-3337
                                country:  U.S.A.
                                electronicMailAddress:  solar.ngdc@noaa.gov
                            onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                                linkage: https://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/
                                name:  NOAA National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC)
                                description:  NOAA's National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC) provides scientific stewardship, products, and services for geophysical data from the Sun to the Earth and Earth's sea floor and solid earth environment, including Earth observations from space.
                        role:  (CI_RoleCode) resourceProvider
                sourceExtent:  (EX_Extent)
                    temporalElement:  (EX_TemporalExtent)
                        extent:
                          TimePeriod:
                            beginPosition:  1958-03-01
                            endPosition:  2010-09-28
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    metadataMaintenance:  (MD_MaintenanceInformation)
        maintenanceAndUpdateFrequency:  (MD_MaintenanceFrequencyCode) annually
        dateOfNextUpdate:  2015-09-30
        updateScope:  (MD_ScopeCode)
        updateScopeDescription:  (MD_ScopeDescription)
            dataset:  Update collection for the Space Weather Prediction Center daily full sun drawings as data becomes available, including missing records (all observatories).
        maintenanceNote:  This metadata was automatically generated from the Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata: Extensions for Remote Sensing Metadata standard version FGDC-STD-012-2002 using the June 2011 version of the FGDC RSE to ISO 19115-2 transform. The Spatial Reference Information is not currently mapped over to ISO but will be mapped in future versions.
        maintenanceNote:  This record was automatically modified on 2015-10-02 to include references to NCEI where applicable.
        contact:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
            individualName:  Anna J Milan
            organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
            positionName:  Metadata Specialist
            contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                    voice:  (303) 497-5099
                    facsimile:  (303) 497-6513
                address:  (CI_Address)
                    deliveryPoint:  Mail Code E/NE52
                    deliveryPoint:  325 Broadway
                    city:  Boulder
                    administrativeArea:  CO
                    postalCode:  80305-3328
                    country:  USA
                    electronicMailAddress:  Anna.Milan@noaa.gov
                hoursOfService:  9:00 - 5:00 Mountain
            role:  (CI_RoleCode) pointOfContact
        contact:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
            individualName:  William Denig
            organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
            contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                    voice:  (303) 497-6323
                    facsimile:  (303) 497-6513
                address:  (CI_Address)
                    deliveryPoint:  325 Broadway E/GC2
                    city:  Boulder
                    administrativeArea:  CO
                    postalCode:  80305
                    country:  USA
                    electronicMailAddress:  solar.ngdc@noaa.gov
                hoursOfService:  7:30 - 4:30 Mountain
            role:  (CI_RoleCode) pointOfContact
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    acquisitionInformation:  (MI_AcquisitionInformation)
        instrument:  (MI_Instrument)
            identifier: (inapplicable)
            type: (Solar telescopes)
        platform:  (MI_Platform)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code: (NOAA Geostationary Operational Environmeental Satellites (GOES) and DoD Solar Observing Optical Network (SOON))
            description:  Solar observatories
            instrument:  (MI_Instrument)
                identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                    code: (Solar telescopes)
                type:  Space-based and ground-based solar telescopes.