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Solar Features - Prominences and Filaments
 (MI_Metadata)
    fileIdentifier:  gov.noaa.ngdc.stp.solar:solar-features_prominences-filaments
    language:  eng; U.S.A.
    characterSet:  (MD_CharacterSetCode) utf8
    hierarchyLevel:  (MD_ScopeCode) nonGeographicDataset
    hierarchyLevel:  (MD_ScopeCode) series
    contact:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
        individualName:  William Denig
        organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
        contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
            phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                voice:  (303) 497-6323
                facsimile:  (303) 497-6513
            address:  (CI_Address)
                deliveryPoint:  325 Broadway E/GC2
                city:  Boulder
                administrativeArea:  CO
                postalCode:  80305
                country:  USA
                electronicMailAddress:  solar.ngdc@noaa.gov
            hoursOfService:  7:30 - 4:30 Mountain
        role:  (CI_RoleCode) pointOfContact
    dateStamp:  2015-10-02
    metadataStandardName:  ISO 19115-2 Geographic Information - Metadata - Part 2: Extensions for Imagery and Gridded Data
    metadataStandardVersion:  ISO 19115-2:2009(E)
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    referenceSystemInfo: (missing)
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    identificationInfo:  (MD_DataIdentification)
        citation:  (CI_Citation)
            title:  Solar Features - Prominences and Filaments
            date:  (CI_Date)
                date:  2014-08-10
                dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  solarFeatures [Line 99]
            citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                organisationName:  NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information
                role:  (CI_RoleCode) publisher
            citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                organisationName:  Scientific Data Stewardship provided by the National Geophysical Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce.
                role:  (CI_RoleCode) originator
            presentationForm:
        abstract:  Prominences and filaments are two manifestations of the same phenomenon. Both prominences and filaments are features formed above the chromosphere by cool dense gases held in place by solar magnetic fields. Filaments are observed on the solar disk as dark structures as seen against the hotter chromosphere whereas prominences on the limb appear bright against the perspective of outer space. The scale sizes for prominences and filaments are typically many thousands kilometers. Solar observers typically view prominences and filaments in Hydrogen alpha (656.3 nm). Filaments are sometimes referred to as floccule (plural of flocculus). Prominences and filaments can rapidly form over a period of a day but then typically persist for several weeks and, in some cases, several months. At breakup the gases within these previously stable structures may be explosively released into space in the form of a coronal mass ejection (CME). Space weather operators have and continue to monitor the location and character of prominences and filaments as potential precursors on near-earth geomagnetic activity. (Browse image provided courtesy of http://www.greatdreams.com)
        purpose:  To provide scientific data stewardship of solar-terrestrial datasets in compliance with NOAA Administrative Order (NAO) 212-15, "Management of Environmental and Geospatial Data and Information", dated 04 Nov 10. Scientific Data Stewardship includes the Archive, Access, and Assessment (AAA) of operational and related solar and space environmental datasets.
        credit:  Data access provided by the NOAA Solar and Terrestrial Physics Division.
        status:  (MD_ProgressCode) underDevelopment
        pointOfContact:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
            individualName:  William Denig
            organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
            contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                    voice:  (303) 497-6323
                    facsimile:  (303) 497-6513
                address:  (CI_Address)
                    deliveryPoint:  325 Broadway E/GC2
                    city:  Boulder
                    administrativeArea:  CO
                    postalCode:  80305
                    country:  USA
                    electronicMailAddress:  solar.ngdc@noaa.gov
                hoursOfService:  7:30 - 4:30 Mountain
            role:  (CI_RoleCode) pointOfContact
        resourceMaintenance:  (MD_MaintenanceInformation)
            maintenanceAndUpdateFrequency:  (MD_MaintenanceFrequencyCode) annually
        graphicOverview:  (MD_BrowseGraphic)
            fileName: https://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/stp/space-weather/solar-data/solar-features/prominences-filaments/documentation/browse-graphic_prominence-filament.jpg
            fileDescription:  Nice image distinguishing a solar prominence and filament (from "http://www.greatdreams.com").
            fileType:  Joint Photographic Experts Group (jpg) format
        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
            keyword:  Sun-Earth Interactions > Solar Activity > Solar Active Regions
            keyword:  Sun-Earth Interactions > Solar Activity > Solar Imagery
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) theme
            thesaurusName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  NASA/GCMD Earth Science Keywords; Olsen, L.M., G. Major, K. Shein, J. Scialdone, R. Vogel, S. Leicester, H. Weir, S. Ritz, T. Stevens, M. Meaux, C.Solomon, R. Bilodeau, M. Holland, T. Northcutt, R. A. Restrepo, 2007 . NASA/Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Earth Science Keywords. Version 6.0.0.0.0.
                date:  (CI_Date)
                    date:  2007
                    dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
            keyword:  Space > Solar Region > Chromosphere
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) place
            thesaurusName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  NASA/GCMD Location Keywords; Olsen, L.M., G. Major, K. Shein, J. Scialdone, R. Vogel, S. Leicester, H. Weir, S. Ritz, T. Stevens, M. Meaux, C.Solomon, R. Bilodeau, M. Holland, T. Northcutt, R. A. Restrepo, 2007 . NASA/Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Earth Science Keywords. Version 6.0.0.0.0.
                date:  (CI_Date)
                    date:  2007
                    dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
            keyword:  Solar Telescope
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) instrument
            thesaurusName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  NASA/GCMD Instrument Keywords; Olsen, L.M., G. Major, K. Shein, J. Scialdone, R. Vogel, S. Leicester, H. Weir, S. Ritz, T. Stevens, M. Meaux, C.Solomon, R. Bilodeau, M. Holland, T. Northcutt, R. A. Restrepo, 2007 . NASA/Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Earth Science Keywords. Version 6.0.0.0.0.
                date:  (CI_Date)
                    date:  2007
                    dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
            keyword:  Solar Observatory Stations
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) platform
            thesaurusName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  NASA/GCMD Platform Keywords; Olsen, L.M., G. Major, K. Shein, J. Scialdone, R. Vogel, S. Leicester, H. Weir, S. Ritz, T. Stevens, M. Meaux, C.Solomon, R. Bilodeau, M. Holland, T. Northcutt, R. A. Restrepo, 2007 . NASA/Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Earth Science Keywords. Version 6.0.0.0.0.
                date:  (CI_Date)
                    date:  2007
                    dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
            keyword:  ICSU-WDS > International Council for Science - World Data System
            keyword:  NOAA - Space Weather Program
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) project
            thesaurusName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Project Keywords
                date:  (CI_Date)
                    date:  2018-03-28
                    dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
                edition:  8.6
                citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    organisationName:  NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Earth Science Data and Information System
                    contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                        onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                            linkage: https://earthdata.nasa.gov/about/gcmd/global-change-master-directory-gcmd-keywords
                            name:  Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Keywords
                            description:  The information provided on this page seeks to define how the GCMD Keywords are structured, used and accessed. It also provides information on how users can participate in the further development of the keywords.
                            function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) custodian
        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
            keyword:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
            keyword:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NGDC > National Geophysical Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) dataCenter
            thesaurusName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Data Center Keywords
                date:  (CI_Date)
                    date:  2018-03-18
                    dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
                edition:  8.6
                citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    organisationName:  NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Earth Science Data and Information System
                    contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                        onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                            linkage: https://earthdata.nasa.gov/about/gcmd/global-change-master-directory-gcmd-keywords
                            name:  Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Keywords
                            description:  The information provided on this page seeks to define how the GCMD Keywords are structured, used and accessed. It also provides information on how users can participate in the further development of the keywords.
                            function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) custodian
        resourceConstraints:  (MD_LegalConstraints)
            accessConstraints:  (MD_RestrictionCode) otherRestrictions
            useConstraints:  (MD_RestrictionCode) otherRestrictions
            otherConstraints:  Access Constraints: None Use Constraints: None Distribution Liability: While every effort has been made to ensure that these data are accurate and reliable within the limits of the current state of the art, NOAA cannot assume liability for any damages caused by any errors or omissions in the data, nor as a result of the failure of the data to function on a particular system. NOAA makes no warranty, expressed or implied, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty.
        spatialRepresentationType: (missing)
        spatialResolution: (missing)  (MD_Resolution)
            equivalentScale:
        language:  eng; U.S.A.
        characterSet: (missing)
        topicCategory:  (MD_TopicCategoryCode) geoscientificInformation
        topicCategory:  (MD_TopicCategoryCode) climatologyMeteorologyAtmosphere
        extent:  (EX_Extent)
            description:  Data assembled from data provided by various solar observatories located worldwide.
            geographicElement:  (EX_GeographicBoundingBox)
                westBoundLongitude:  -180
                eastBoundLongitude:  180
                southBoundLatitude:  -90
                northBoundLatitude:  90
            temporalElement:  (EX_TemporalExtent)
                extent:
                  TimePeriod:
                    description:  Dataset Extent
                    beginPosition:  1955-07-01
                    endPosition:  2010-11-24
            verticalElement:  (EX_VerticalExtent)
                minimumValue:
                  Real:  0
                maximumValue:
                  Real:  0
                verticalCRS: (inapplicable)
        supplementalInformation:  Collection consists of various lists and tables related to solar filaments
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    contentInfo:  (MI_CoverageDescription)
        attributeDescription: (inapplicable)
        contentType:  (MD_CoverageContentTypeCode)
        dimension:  (MD_Band)
            sequenceIdentifier:
              MemberName:
                aName:  Solar prominence
                attributeType:
        dimension:  (MD_Band)
            descriptor:  Collection consists of various lists and tables related to solar filaments
        dimension:  (MD_Band)
            units: (inapplicable)
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    distributionInfo:  (MD_Distribution)
        distributionFormat:  (MD_Format)
            name:  pdf
            version: (unknown)
            specification:  Most data provided in Adobe Portable Document Format (pdf).
        distributionFormat:  (MD_Format)
            name:  txt
            version: (unknown)
            specification:  Some data provide in American Standard Code for Information Interchange (ASCII) text format.
        distributor:  (MD_Distributor)
            distributorContact:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                individualName:  William Denig
                organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
                contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                    phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                        voice:  (303) 497-6323
                        facsimile:  (303) 497-6513
                    address:  (CI_Address)
                        deliveryPoint:  325 Broadway E/GC2
                        city:  Boulder
                        administrativeArea:  CO
                        postalCode:  80305
                        country:  USA
                        electronicMailAddress:  solar.ngdc@noaa.gov
                    hoursOfService:  7:30 - 4:30 Mountain
                role:  (CI_RoleCode) pointOfContact
            distributionOrderProcess:  (MD_StandardOrderProcess)
                fees:  Data can be downloaded free of charge.
        transferOptions:  (MD_DigitalTransferOptions)
            unitsOfDistribution:  Tabular lists and tables
            transferSize: (unknown)
            onLine:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                linkage: https://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/stp/space-weather/solar-data/solar-features/prominences-filaments/
                name:  Prominences and Filaments
                description:  These data are available at the NGDC/STP website ("https://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/stp/spaceweather.html")
                function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode)
            offLine:  (MD_Medium)
                name:  (MD_MediumNameCode)
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    dataQualityInfo:  (DQ_DataQuality)
        scope:  (DQ_Scope)
            level:  (MD_ScopeCode) repository
            levelDescription:  (MD_ScopeDescription)
                other:  NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information
        lineage:  (LI_Lineage)
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  NOAA created the National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) by merging NOAA's National Climatic Data Center (NCDC), National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC), and National Oceanographic Data Center (NODC), including the National Coastal Data Development Center (NCDDC), per the Consolidated and Further Continuing Appropriations Act, 2015, Public Law 113-235. NCEI launched publicly on April 22, 2015.
                dateTime:
                  DateTime:  2015-04-22T00:00:00
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    dataQualityInfo:  (DQ_DataQuality)
        scope:  (DQ_Scope)
            level:  (MD_ScopeCode) series
        report:  (DQ_CompletenessCommission)
            evaluationMethodDescription:  The collection is as complete as possible with all available data online.
            result: (unknown)
        report:  (DQ_DomainConsistency)
            evaluationMethodDescription:  Datasets prepared by professional staff within the Solar and Terrestrial Physics Division at the National Geophysical Data Center.
            result: (unknown)
        report:  (DQ_ConceptualConsistency)
            measureDescription:  Datasets prepared by professional staff within the Solar and Terrestrial Physics Division at the National Geophysical Data Center.
            result: (unknown)
        report:  (DQ_FormatConsistency)
            evaluationMethodDescription:  Listings provided in pdf and txt formats, as applicable.
            result: (unknown)
        report:  (DQ_AbsoluteExternalPositionalAccuracy)
            evaluationMethodDescription:  Timing, heliographic position, assigned region number, and other relevant information provided for each identified flare.
            result: (unknown)
        report:  (DQ_ThematicClassificationCorrectness)
            evaluationMethodDescription:  Datasets prepared by professional staff within the Solar and Terrestrial Physics Division at the National Geophysical Data Center.
            result: (unknown)
        report:  (DQ_GriddedDataPositionalAccuracy)
            evaluationMethodDescription:  Supporting metatdata included, as available.
            result: (unknown)
        report:  (DQ_AccuracyOfATimeMeasurement)
            evaluationMethodDescription:  Flare times determined by trained staff at solar observatories.
            result: (unknown)
        lineage:  (LI_Lineage)
            statement:  Authoritative data provided by the NOAA National Geophysical Data Center.
            processStep:  (LI_ProcessStep)
                description:  Flare listings compiled using data received from various solar observatories.
                dateTime:
                  DateTime:  2010-09-30T00:00:00
                processor:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    individualName:  William Denig
                    organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NGDC > National Geophysical Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) processor
                source:  (LI_Source)
                    description:  The NOAA Solar and Terrestrial Physics Division is responsible for managing this collection.
                    sourceCitation:  (CI_Citation)
                        title:  Collection included as a part of the NGDC Official Archive.
                        alternateTitle:  H-alpha Flare Listings
                        date:  (CI_Date)
                            date:  2011-01-01
                            dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
                        citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                            organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NGDC > National Geophysical Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
                            role:  (CI_RoleCode) resourceProvider
                    sourceExtent:  (EX_Extent)
                        temporalElement:  (EX_TemporalExtent)
                            extent:
                              TimePeriod:
                                description:  ground condition
                                beginPosition:  1955-07-01
                                endPosition:  2010-11-24
            processStep:  (LI_ProcessStep)
                description:  Datasets prepared by professional staff within the Solar and Terrestrial Physics Division at the National Geophysical Data Center.
            source:  (LI_Source)
                description:  Solar Prominences: Lomnicky Stit Observatory
                sourceCitation:  (CI_Citation)
                    title:  Lomnicky Stit Observatory
                    date: (withheld)
                    citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                        organisationName:  Astronomical Institute - Slovak Academy of Sciences
                        contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                            phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                                voice:  +421 52 7879111
                                facsimile:  +421 52 4467656
                            address:  (CI_Address)
                                deliveryPoint:  SK 059 60 Tatranska Lomnica
                                city:  Tatranska
                                administrativeArea:  Lomnica
                                postalCode:  n/a
                                country:  The Slovak Republic
                                electronicMailAddress:  astrinst@astro.sk
                            onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                                linkage: http://www.astro.sk/
                                name:  Astronomical Institute of Slovak Academy of Sciences
                                description:  Astronomical Institute of Slovak Academy of Sciences consists of these 3 scientific departments; solar physics, interplanetary matter, and stellar department.
                        role:  (CI_RoleCode) resourceProvider
                sourceExtent:  (EX_Extent)
                    temporalElement:  (EX_TemporalExtent)
                        extent:
                          TimePeriod:
                            beginPosition:  1955-07-01
                            endPosition:  2010-11-24
            source:  (LI_Source)
                sourceCitation:  (CI_Citation)
                    title:  Solar Prominences: Wendelstein
                    date: (withheld)
                    citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                        organisationName:  University Observatory Munich, Ludwig-Maximilians-University
                        contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                            address:  (CI_Address)
                                city:  Munich
                                administrativeArea:  Bavaria
                                country:  Germany
                            onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                                linkage: http://www.wendelstein-observatorium.de:8002/wst_en.html
                                name:  Wendelstein Observatory
                                description:  The Wendelstein Observatory is situated on the summit of Mount Wendelstein, a prominent, 1838 m high mountain in the bavarian Alpes. It is operated by the University Observatory of the University of Munich. The observatory was first installed to survey the solar activity. In the mid-1980, it was redirected to night observations of stars and galaxies, but it still owns a 20-cm Zeiss solar coronograph. Nowadays, the coronograph is used only for eduction and public outreach.
                        role:  (CI_RoleCode) resourceProvider
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                    temporalElement:  (EX_TemporalExtent)
                        extent:
                          TimePeriod:
                            beginPosition:  1947
                            endPosition:  1987
            source:  (LI_Source)
                sourceCitation:  (CI_Citation)
                    title:  Solar Filaments - Solar Geophysical Data (SGD) Tables
                    date: (withheld)
                    citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                        organisationName:  Solar and Terrestrial Physics Division, National Geophysical Data Center, NOAA
                        contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                            address:  (CI_Address)
                                deliveryPoint:  325 Broadway, E/GC2
                                city:  Boulder
                                administrativeArea:  Colorado
                                postalCode:  80305-3337
                                country:  U.S.A.
                        role:  (CI_RoleCode) resourceProvider
                sourceExtent:  (EX_Extent)
                    temporalElement:  (EX_TemporalExtent)
                        extent:
                          TimePeriod:
                            beginPosition:  1955-11-01
                            endPosition:  2009-09-30
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    metadataMaintenance:  (MD_MaintenanceInformation)
        maintenanceAndUpdateFrequency:  (MD_MaintenanceFrequencyCode) annually
        dateOfNextUpdate:  2013-10-01
        updateScope:  (MD_ScopeCode)
        updateScopeDescription:  (MD_ScopeDescription)
            dataset:  Update collection for the Space Weather Prediction Center daily full sun drawings as data becomes available, including missing records (all observatories).
        maintenanceNote:  This metadata was automatically generated from the Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata: Extensions for Remote Sensing Metadata standard version FGDC-STD-012-2002 using the June 2011 version of the FGDC RSE to ISO 19115-2 transform. The Spatial Reference Information is not currently mapped over to ISO but will be mapped in future versions.
        maintenanceNote:  This record was automatically modified on 2015-10-02 to include references to NCEI where applicable.
        contact:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
            individualName:  Anna J Milan
            organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
            positionName:  Metadata Specialist
            contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                    voice:  (303) 497-5099
                    facsimile:  (303) 497-6513
                address:  (CI_Address)
                    deliveryPoint:  Mail Code E/NE52
                    deliveryPoint:  325 Broadway
                    city:  Boulder
                    administrativeArea:  CO
                    postalCode:  80305-3328
                    country:  USA
                    electronicMailAddress:  Anna.Milan@noaa.gov
                hoursOfService:  9:00 - 5:00 Mountain
            role:  (CI_RoleCode) pointOfContact
        contact:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
            individualName:  William Denig
            organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
            contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                    voice:  (303) 497-6323
                    facsimile:  (303) 497-6513
                address:  (CI_Address)
                    deliveryPoint:  325 Broadway E/GC2
                    city:  Boulder
                    administrativeArea:  CO
                    postalCode:  80305
                    country:  USA
                    electronicMailAddress:  solar.ngdc@noaa.gov
                hoursOfService:  7:30 - 4:30 Mountain
            role:  (CI_RoleCode) pointOfContact
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    acquisitionInformation:  (MI_AcquisitionInformation)
        instrument:  (MI_Instrument)
            identifier: (inapplicable)
            type: (Solar telescopes)
        platform:  (MI_Platform)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code: (Solar observatories)
            description:  Solar observatories
            instrument:  (MI_Instrument)
                identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                    code: (Solar telescopes)
                type:  Full sun drawings of the sun.