Back to Collection NOAA/NESDIS/NGDC/MGG/Sonar_Water_Column

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2017 Joint US & Canada Pacific Hake Acoustic and Trawl Survey (SH1707, EK60)
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        individualName:  Chuck Anderson
        organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
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        citation:  (CI_Citation)
            title:  2017 Joint US & Canada Pacific Hake Acoustic and Trawl Survey (SH1707, EK60)
            alternateTitle:  SH-17-07
            date:  (CI_Date)
                date:  2017-12-31
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                code:  SH1707_EK60
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                  Anchor:  DOI doi:10.7289/V5J67F96
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                organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
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                organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NMFS/NWFSC > Northwest Fisheries Science Center
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                        voice:  206-860-3200
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                        deliveryPoint:  2725 Montlake Boulevard East
                        city:  Seattle
                        administrativeArea:  WA
                        postalCode:  98112
                        country:  USA
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                        postalCode:  98112
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        abstract:  Our objectives are to: ? Conduct acoustic and trawl operations in daytime hours (i.e., between sunrise and sunset) to estimate the distribution and abundance of Pacific hake. ? Collect multi-frequency acoustic backscatter data using the ship?s Simrad EK60 scientific echosounders (18, 38, and 120 kHz) system in daytime hours. Collect broadband acoustic data with Simrad EK80 broadband echosounders operating at central frequencies of 70 and 200 kHz. Collectively, the acoustic data will be used to characterize the distributions and abundances of hake, myctophids, gelatinous zooplankton, and krill. The use of the EK80s will require temporary modification to the ship?s EK60 set-up (see section II.C.a.v). i.Collect acoustic data along pre-planned transects along the coast (hereafter ?transects?). ? Conduct daytime trawling to classify observed backscatter layers to verify hake aggregations and obtain specimens for biological data (length, sex, maturity, age, ovaries, diet, genetics, etc.). We request to have at least two experienced fishing officers on board at all times for all five legs. i. Trawling operations will be the primary method for interpreting the acoustic data. We will sample midwater and near-bottom echosign using an Aleutian Wing Trawl 24/20 (AWT). Trawl gear performance will be monitored during sampling for depth, net opening, and other parameters on the AWT with a Simrad ITI Trawl Eye and a Simrad FS-70 third wire Netsounder. We will also deploy temperature-depth recorders on the trawls, which we will supply. ii. Record data from shipboard net mensuration gear to evaluate trawl performance. ? Conduct IVC Transects: Conduct an Inter-Vessel Calibration (IVC) between the NOAA Ship Bell M. Shimada and the Canadian?s charter vessel Nordic Pearl to compare acoustic and fishing results of Pacific hake. The IVC is critical to ensure consistent data quality of the ongoing Joint US-Canada Pacific Hake Integrated Acoustic Trawl Survey, as the Canadian vessel W.E. Ricker was decommissioned and the Nordic Pearl will be filling its place this Summer. ? Use a portable x-ray system (Appendices 5 and 6) to take radiographic images of fish swimbladders ? Optically verify the presence of non-hake scatterers during trawling using a video camera and light(s) attached to the upper panel of the midwater trawl approximately 10-20 meters forward of the codend. ? Conduct vertical ring net zooplankton tows at pre-planned stations along transects (Appendix 2, Table 2) during daytime operations on a subset of six transects total for the survey area. These data will be used to describe the summer distribution of zooplankton species. ? Conduct vertical casts with the ship?s CTD rosette, outfitted with (2) temperature sensors, (2) conductivity sensors, (2) dissolved oxygen sensors, (1) fluorometer, and (1) altimeter. These casts will be conducted at pre-planned stations along transects (Appendix 2, Table 3) primarily at night. These data will be used in combination with acoustic backscatter data, to describe the vertical and horizontal distributions of hake relative to oceanographic conditions. ? Optically sample the watercolumn zooplankton assemblage using a Video Plankton Recorder (VPR). The VPR will be mounted on the CTD rosette in the place of three Niskin bottles, and will be deployed on each CTD cast. The VPR?s data will be used to evaluate the instrument?s sampling effectiveness relative to vertical ring net zooplankton tows, and will also serve as a zooplankton sampler for those CTD casts not matched with vertical zooplankton tows. ? Conduct underway CTD (uCTD) casts at pre-planned stations along transects (Appendix 2, Table 4). These data will be used to supplement oceanographic information obtained from the CTD rosettes and will contribute to the description of hake distribution relative to ocean conditions ? Continuously collect Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler (ADCP) data along transects. These data will be used to describe the distribution of hake relative to currents. ? Conduct daytime Methot net tows to verify the identity of acoustic targets suspected to be euphausiids and obtain specimens for species identification and length. ? Continuously sample sea-surface temperature, salinity, and chlorophyll-a using the ship?s thermosalinograph and flow-through fluorometer. These data will be used to estimate the physical oceanographic habitats for hake. ? Continuously sample air temperature, barometric pressure, and wind speed and direction using the ship?s integrated weather station. ? Collect broadband acoustic data with EK80 echosounders operating at central frequencies of 70 and 200 kHz. ? All transect waypoints, CTD rosette, underway CTD and Zooplankton station locations will be provided to the navigational officer in Nobeltec format prior to the start of the survey.
        purpose:  The primary goal of the joint survey is to estimate the biomass, distribution, and biological composition of Pacific hake using data from an integrated acoustic and trawl survey off the west coasts of the U.S. and Canada from approximately Point Conception (lat 34.5?N) to Dixon Entrance, Alaska.
        status:  (MD_ProgressCode) completed
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            individualName:  Lawrence C. Hufnagle, Jr.
            organisationName:  NWFSC
            positionName:  Supervisory Physical Scientist
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                    voice:  206-860-3346
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                    deliveryPoint:  2725 Montlake Blvd. E.
                    city:  Seattle
                    administrativeArea:  WA
                    postalCode:  98112
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                    electronicMailAddress:  lawrence.c.hufnagle@noaa.gov
            role:  (CI_RoleCode) principalInvestigator
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            individualName:  Rebecca Thomas
            organisationName:  NWFSC
            positionName:  Research Biological Scientist
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                    voice:  206-302-2412
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                    electronicMailAddress:  rebecca.thomas@noaa.gov
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            individualName:  Julia Getsiv-Clemons
            organisationName:  NOAA/NMFS/NWFSC
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                    city:  Newport
                    administrativeArea:  OR
                    postalCode:  97365
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                    electronicMailAddress:  julia.clemons@noaa.gov
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            keyword:  EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Ocean Acoustics > Acoustic Scattering
            keyword:  EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Aquatic Sciences > Fisheries
            keyword:  EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Bathymetry/Seafloor Topography > Bathymetry
            keyword:  EARTH SCIENCE > BIOSPHERE > ECOSYSTEMS > AQUATIC ECOSYSTEMS
            keyword:  EARTH SCIENCE > BIOSPHERE > ECOSYSTEMS > MARINE ECOSYSTEMS
            keyword:  Earth Science > Biosphere > Ecosystems > Marine Ecosystems > Benthic
            keyword:  Earth Science > Biosphere > Ecosystems > Marine Ecosystems > Pelagic
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                    date:  2018-03-15
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                edition:  8.6
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            otherConstraints:  Cite as: Northwest Fisheries Science Center and Southwest Fisheries Science Center (2017): Water Column Sonar Data Collection (SH1707, EK60). National Centers for Environmental Information, NOAA. doi:10.7289/V5J67F96 [access date]
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            otherConstraints:  Distribution liability: NOAA and NCEI make no warranty, expressed or implied, regarding these data, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty. NOAA and NCEI cannot assume liability for any damages caused by any errors or omissions in these data. If appropriate, NCEI can only certify that the data it distributes are an authentic copy of the records that were accepted for inclusion in the NCEI archives.
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            useLimitation:  These data are considered raw and have not been subjected to the NOAA's quality control or quality assurance procedures. They are released for limited public use as preliminary data to be used only with appropriate caution. NOAA cannot assume liability for any damages caused by any errors or omissions in the data, nor as a result of the failure of the data to function on a particular system. NOAA makes no warranty, expressed or implied, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty.
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                individualName:  Chuck Anderson
                organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
                positionName:  Water Column Sonar Data Manager
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                        city:  Boulder
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                        postalCode:  80305-3328
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                        electronicMailAddress:  wcd.info@noaa.gov
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                orderingInstructions:  Contact the NCEI Water Column Sonar Data Manager to order data
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                    extent:
                      TimeInstant:
                        timePosition:  2017-06-19
            levelDescription:  (MD_ScopeDescription)
                other:  Instrument calibration information
        lineage:  (LI_Lineage)
            statement:  Calibrated w/ calibration data
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    dataQualityInfo:  (DQ_DataQuality)
        scope:  (DQ_Scope)
            level:  (MD_ScopeCode) series
        report:  (DQ_AbsoluteExternalPositionalAccuracy)
            nameOfMeasure:  Horizontal Positional Accuracy
            result:  (DQ_ConformanceResult)
                specification: (inapplicable)
                explanation:  Positional accuracy dependent on navigation GPS, ship motion correction, and sound velocity profile accuracy.
                pass:  true
        report:  (DQ_AbsoluteExternalPositionalAccuracy)
            nameOfMeasure:  Vertical Positional Accuracy
            result:  (DQ_ConformanceResult)
                specification: (inapplicable)
                explanation:  Vertical accuracy is dependent on navigation GPS and ship motion corrections.
                pass:  true
        lineage:  (LI_Lineage)
            processStep:  (LI_ProcessStep)
                description:  Package created using WCSD Packager version 11_28_17. The files are read as part of processing but they are not modified by the packaging process. The archived files are the unaltered raw instrument files
                dateTime:
                  DateTime:  2017-12-31T23:59:59
                processor:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    individualName:  Lawrence C. Hufnagle, Jr.
                    organisationName:  NWFSC
                    positionName:  Supervisory Physical Scientist
                    contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                        phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                            voice:  206-860-3346
                        address:  (CI_Address)
                            deliveryPoint:  2725 Montlake Blvd. E.
                            city:  Seattle
                            administrativeArea:  WA
                            postalCode:  98112
                            country:  USA
                            electronicMailAddress:  lawrence.c.hufnagle@noaa.gov
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) principalInvestigator
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    dataQualityInfo:  (DQ_DataQuality)
        scope:  (DQ_Scope)
            level:  (MD_ScopeCode) series
        lineage:  (LI_Lineage)
            statement:  EK60 used three Simrad split-beam transducers, operating at 18, 38, and 120 kHz. The Simrad EK80 broadband echo sounder used 70- and 200-kHz transducers.
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    acquisitionInformation:  (MI_AcquisitionInformation)
        instrument:  (MI_Instrument)
            citation:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  Simrad EK60 Echosounder
                date: (inapplicable)
                identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                    code:  EK60
                citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    organisationName:  Simrad - Kongsberg Maritime AS
                    contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                        phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                            voice:  +47 3303 4000 (Norway)
                            facsimile:  +47 3304 2987 (Norway)
                        address:  (CI_Address)
                            deliveryPoint:  P.O. Box 111
                            deliveryPoint:  Strandpromenaden 50
                            city:  Horten
                            postalCode:  3191
                            country:  Norway
                            electronicMailAddress:  contact@simrad.com
                        onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                            linkage: http://www.simrad.com/www/01/nokbg0240.nsf/AllWeb/A25148D8E9F00D0DC12570DE0050A7CB?OpenDocument
                            name:  Simrad EK60 Scientific echo sounder
                            description:  Information on the Simrad EK60 including file format documentation.
                            function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) resourceProvider
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  Simrad EK60
            type:  singlebeam
            description:  The Simrad EK60 Scientific Sounder system is a new generation fishery researchtool, based on experience from the EK500. The new electronic hardware is combined with up to date PC processing and Windows operation. The EK60 provides facilities for accurate echo sounding, data storage, data analysis and reporting results. The system communication is through Ethernet, which gives flexibility in the location of the EK60 system units and allows easy access to data from other instruments or stations on a vessel network. A post processing software, BI60, is also included in the EK60 system.
        operation:  (MI_Operation)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  SH1707_EK60
            status:  (MD_ProgressCode) completed
            parentOperation: (inapplicable)
        platform:  (MI_Platform)
            citation:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  NOAA Ship Bell M. Shimada (R227)
                date: (inapplicable)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  Bell M. Shimada (SH)
            description:  The fourth vessel of its kind, Bell M. Shimada offers fisheries scientists the ability to monitor fish populations without altering their behavior, allowing them to collect data with unprecedented accuracy. With better data, biologists and oceanographers can help managers make better management decisions. In the Pacific, Bell M. Shimada will help scientists gain valuable insight into the California Current Large Marine Ecosystem, a globally–significant natural resource that stretches from Baja California to British Columbia. Two scientists at the Center recently described some of the way in which this vessel will enhance existing or open opportunities for new research projects.
            sponsor:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/OMAO/MOC-A > Marine Operations Center - Atlantic, NOAA Marine Operations, NOAA Office of Marine and Aviation Operations, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
                contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                    phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                        facsimile:  757-441-6495
                    address:  (CI_Address)
                        deliveryPoint:  NOAA/OMAO/MOC-A
                        deliveryPoint:  439 West York Street
                        city:  Norfolk
                        administrativeArea:  VA
                        postalCode:  23510-1145
                        country:  USA
                        electronicMailAddress:  David.A.Score@noaa.gov
                    onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                        linkage: http://www.moc.noaa.gov/MOC-A/index.html
                        name:  Marine Operations Center - Atlantic
                        description:  NOAA Marine Operations Center-Atlantic (MOC-A) serves as a homeport for one NOAA survey ship and provides administrative, engineering, maintenance and logistical support to NOAA's Atlantic fleet.
                        function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                role:  (CI_RoleCode) pointOfContact
            sponsor:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NMFS/SEFSC > Southeast Fisheries Science Center
                contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                    phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                        voice:  305-361-4200
                    address:  (CI_Address)
                        deliveryPoint:  75 Virginia Beach Dr.
                        city:  Miami
                        administrativeArea:  FL
                        postalCode:  33149
                        country:  USA
                        electronicMailAddress:
                role:  (CI_RoleCode) pointOfContact
            instrument:  (MI_Instrument)
                citation:  (CI_Citation)
                    title:  Simrad ME70 Echosounder
                    date: (inapplicable)
                    identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                        code:  ME70
                    citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                        organisationName:  Simrad - Kongsberg Maritime AS
                        contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                            phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                                voice:  +47 3303 4000 (Norway)
                                facsimile:  +47 3304 2987 (Norway)
                            address:  (CI_Address)
                                deliveryPoint:  P.O. Box 111
                                deliveryPoint:  Strandpromenaden 50
                                city:  Horten
                                postalCode:  3191
                                country:  Norway
                                electronicMailAddress:  contact@simrad.com
                            onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                                linkage: http://www.simrad.com/www/01/nokbg0240.nsf/AllWeb/96CD4279D3997892C125719A003A3862?OpenDocument
                                name:  ME70 documentation
                                description:  Information on the Simrad ME70 inculding file format information
                                function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                        role:  (CI_RoleCode) resourceProvider
                identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                    code:  Simrad ME70
                type:  multibeam
                description:  The Simrad ME70 is a high resolution scientific multibeam echo sounder with very low sidelobe levels. It is dedicated for collection of data in the water column. The multibeam echo sounder combines the large and flexible sampling volume of the multibeam swath with the accuracy of the quantitative scientific echo sounder. A bathymetric option is also available to provide a high resolution seabed mapping capability, and the possibility to study the fish habitat.
            instrument:  (MI_Instrument)
                citation:  (CI_Citation)
                    title:  Simrad EK60 Echosounder
                    date: (inapplicable)
                    identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                        code:  EK60
                    citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                        organisationName:  Simrad - Kongsberg Maritime AS
                        contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                            phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                                voice:  +47 3303 4000 (Norway)
                                facsimile:  +47 3304 2987 (Norway)
                            address:  (CI_Address)
                                deliveryPoint:  P.O. Box 111
                                deliveryPoint:  Strandpromenaden 50
                                city:  Horten
                                postalCode:  3191
                                country:  Norway
                                electronicMailAddress:  contact@simrad.com
                            onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                                linkage: http://www.simrad.com/www/01/nokbg0240.nsf/AllWeb/A25148D8E9F00D0DC12570DE0050A7CB?OpenDocument
                                name:  Simrad EK60 Scientific echo sounder
                                description:  Information on the Simrad EK60 including file format documentation.
                                function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                        role:  (CI_RoleCode) resourceProvider
                identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                    code:  Simrad EK60
                type:  singlebeam
                description:  The Simrad EK60 Scientific Sounder system is a new generation fishery researchtool, based on experience from the EK500. The new electronic hardware is combined with up to date PC processing and Windows operation. The EK60 provides facilities for accurate echo sounding, data storage, data analysis and reporting results. The system communication is through Ethernet, which gives flexibility in the location of the EK60 system units and allows easy access to data from other instruments or stations on a vessel network. A post processing software, BI60, is also included in the EK60 system.
            instrument:  (MI_Instrument)
                citation:  (CI_Citation)
                    title:  Simrad ES60 Echosounder
                    date: (inapplicable)
                    identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                        code:  ES60
                    citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                        organisationName:  Simrad - Kongsberg Maritime AS
                        contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                            phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                                voice:  +47 3303 4000 (Norway)
                                facsimile:  +47 3304 2987 (Norway)
                            address:  (CI_Address)
                                deliveryPoint:  P.O. Box 111
                                deliveryPoint:  Strandpromenaden 50
                                city:  Horten
                                postalCode:  3191
                                country:  Norway
                                electronicMailAddress:  contact@simrad.com
                            onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                                linkage: http://www.simrad.com/www/01/nokbg0240.nsf/AllWeb/5F190A0F6BF198CEC12570AD0070FCCA?OpenDocument
                                name:  Simrad EK60 information
                                description:  Information on the Simrad ES60 including file format documentation.
                                function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                        role:  (CI_RoleCode) resourceProvider
                identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                    code:  Simrad ES60
                type:  singlebeam
                description:  The Simrad ES60 is an echo sounder capable of single, dual or split beam configurations. It is designed as a professional fish finder for fishing vessels and for fisheries surveys onboard research vessels. It can operate four echo sounder frequencies simultaneously ranging from 12 to 200 kHz, which allows it to both locate and identify separate fish species. Real time echo integration and target strength analysis in an unlimited number of layers is provided as well as storage of raw data for replay or analysis in post-processing software packages.
            instrument:  (MI_Instrument)
                citation:  (CI_Citation)
                    title:  Furuno FE700 Echosounder
                    date: (unknown)
                    identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                        code:  Furuno FE700
                    citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                        organisationName:  Furuno U.S.A., Inc.
                        contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                            phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                                voice:  360-834-9300
                                facsimile:  360-834-9400
                            address:  (CI_Address)
                                deliveryPoint:  4400 N.W. Pacific Rim Boulevard
                                city:  Camas
                                administrativeArea:  WA
                                postalCode:  98607
                                country:  USA
                            onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                                linkage: http://www.furunousa.com/products/productdetail.aspx?product=FE700&category=Products+%3A+Depth+%26+Fish+Finders+%3A+IMO+Echo+Sounders
                                name:  Furuno FE700 documentation
                                description:  Information on the Furuno FE700
                                function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                        role:  (CI_RoleCode) resourceProvider
                identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                    code:  Furuno FE700
                type:  Position
                description:  The FE-700 is a result of over 50 years of Furuno's vast range of experience and advanced microelectronics technology fields in developing echo sounders, sonars, and underwater application equipment and systems. This echo sounder is a breakthrough over the conventional paper eating sounders; there are no consumable items. The purpose of the echo sounder is to provide safe navigation by detecting the clearance below the ship (particularly in shallow waters) as required on the SOLAS Convention ships by the new IMO standards.
            instrument:  (MI_Instrument)
                citation:  (CI_Citation)
                    title:  Sea-Bird SBE 9
                    date: (unknown)
                    identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                        code:  Sea-Bird SBE 9
                    citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                        organisationName:  Sea-Bird Electronics, Inc.
                        contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                            phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                                voice:  425-643-9866
                                facsimile:  425-643-9954
                            address:  (CI_Address)
                                deliveryPoint:  13431 NE 20th Street
                                city:  Bellevue
                                administrativeArea:  WA
                                postalCode:  98005
                                country:  USA
                                electronicMailAddress:  seabird@seabird.com
                            onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                                linkage: http://www.comm-tec.com/prods/mfgs/SBE/manuals_pdf/SBE9PLUS_005.pdf
                                name:  Sea-Bird SBE 9 documentation
                                description:  Information on the Sea-Bird SBE 9
                                function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                        role:  (CI_RoleCode) resourceProvider
                identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                    code:  Sea-Bird SBE 9
                type:
                  Anchor:  https://www.rvdata.us/voc/devicetype/ctd ctd
            instrument:  (MI_Instrument)
                citation:  (CI_Citation)
                    title:  Applanix POS/MV 320
                    date: (unknown)
                    identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                        code:  POS/MV 320
                    citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                        organisationName:  Applanix Corporation
                        contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                            phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                                voice:  289-695-6000
                                facsimile:  905-709-6027
                            address:  (CI_Address)
                                deliveryPoint:  85 Leek Crescent
                                city:  Richmond Hill
                                administrativeArea:  Ontario
                                postalCode:  L4B3B3
                                country:  Canada
                                electronicMailAddress:  marine@applanix.com
                            onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                                linkage: http://www.applanix.com/products/marine.html
                                name:  POS/MV 320
                                description:  POS/MV 320 information
                                function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                        role:  (CI_RoleCode) resourceProvider
                identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                    code:  POS/MV 320
                type:  Attitude, Heading, Heave, Position, Velocity
                description:  POS MV 320 is a tightly-coupled systems using Applanix' unique approach to Inertially-Aided Real-Time Kinematic (IARTK) technology. The user-friendly, turnkey system provides accurate attitude, heading, heave, position, and velocity data, representing the latest in state-of-the-art inertial/GPS technology. The system maintains positioning accuracy under the most demanding conditions, regardless of vessel dynamics..
            instrument:  (MI_Instrument)
                citation:  (CI_Citation)
                    title:  Eppley Precision Infrared Radiometer
                    date: (unknown)
                    identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                        code:  Eppley PIR
                    citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                        organisationName:  The Eppley Laboratory, Inc.
                        contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                            phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                                voice:  401-847-1020
                                facsimile:  401-847-1031
                            address:  (CI_Address)
                                deliveryPoint:  12 Sheffield Avenue
                                deliveryPoint:  P.O. Box 419
                                city:  Newport
                                administrativeArea:  RI
                                postalCode:  02840
                                country:  USA
                                electronicMailAddress:  info@eppleylab.com
                            onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                                linkage: http://www.eppleylab.com/instrumentation/precision_infrared_radiometer.htm
                                name:  Eppley PIR
                                description:  Eppley PIR information
                                function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                        role:  (CI_RoleCode) resourceProvider
                identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                    code:  Eppley PIR
                type:  Terrestrial Radiation
                description:  The Precision Infrared Radiometer, Pyrgeometer, is intended for unidirectional operation in the measurement, separately, of incoming or outgoing terrestrial radiation as distinct from net long-wave flux.
            instrument:  (MI_Instrument)
                citation:  (CI_Citation)
                    title:  Sea-Bird Electronics SeaCat 21 Thermosalinograph Sensor
                    date: (unknown)
                    identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                        code:  SBE SeaCat 21
                    citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                        organisationName:  Sea-Bird Electronics, Inc.
                        contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                            phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                                voice:  425-643-9866
                                facsimile:  425-643-9954
                            address:  (CI_Address)
                                deliveryPoint:  13431 NE 20th Street
                                city:  Bellevue
                                administrativeArea:  WA
                                postalCode:  98005
                                country:  USA
                                electronicMailAddress:  seabird@seabird.com
                            onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                                linkage: http://www.seabird.com/products/spec_sheets/21data.htm
                                name:  SeaCat 21 documentation
                                description:  Information on the SeaCat 21
                                function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                        role:  (CI_RoleCode) resourceProvider
                identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                    code:  SBE SeaCat 21
                type:  thermosalinograph
                description:  The SBE 21 accurately determines sea surface temperature and conductivity from underway vessels. Data is simultaneously stored in memory and transmitted to a computer serial port, allowing independent data logging and real-time data acquisition. Typically mounted near the ship's seawater intake, the SBE 21 is connected to an AC-powered interface box positioned near the computer. The interface box provides power and an isolated data interface, and contains a NMEA 0183 port for appending navigation information to the data stream.
            instrument:  (MI_Instrument)
                citation:  (CI_Citation)
                    title:  RM Young 61202V
                    date: (unknown)
                    identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                        code:  RM Young 61202V
                    citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                        organisationName:  R.M. Young Company
                        contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                            phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                                voice:  231-946-3980
                                facsimile:  231-946-4772
                            address:  (CI_Address)
                                deliveryPoint:  2801 Aero Park Drive
                                city:  Traverse City
                                administrativeArea:  MI
                                postalCode:  49686
                                country:  USA
                                electronicMailAddress:  met.sales@youngusa.com
                            onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                                linkage: http://www.youngusa.com/products/3/
                                name:  RM Young 61202V
                                description:  RM Young 61202V information
                                function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                        role:  (CI_RoleCode) resourceProvider
                identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                    code:  RM Young 61202V
                type:  Barometric Pressure
                description:  The Model 61202V Barometric Pressure Sensor offers unparalleled performance and flexibility for atmospheric pressure measurement.
            instrument:  (MI_Instrument)
                citation:  (CI_Citation)
                    title:  RM Young 41382VC Relative Humidity/Air Temperature Sensor
                    date: (unknown)
                    identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                        code:  RM Young 41382VC
                    citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                        organisationName:  R.M. Young Company
                        contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                            phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                                voice:  231-946-3980
                                facsimile:  231-946-4772
                            address:  (CI_Address)
                                deliveryPoint:  2801 Aero Park Drive
                                city:  Traverse City
                                administrativeArea:  MI
                                postalCode:  49686
                                country:  USA
                                electronicMailAddress:  met.sales@youngusa.com
                            onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                                linkage: http://www.youngusa.com/products/2/15.html
                                name:  RM Young 41382VC Relative Humidity/Air Temperature Sensor
                                description:  RM Young 41382VC Relative Humidity/Air Temperature Sensor information
                                function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                        role:  (CI_RoleCode) resourceProvider
                identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                    code:  RM Young 41382VC
                type:  Air Temperature
                description:  The Model 41382 Relative Humidity/Temperature Probe combines a high accuracy, capacitance type humidity sensor and precision Platinum RTD temperature sensor in one probe. This probe offers a choice of 0-1 VDC or 4-20 mA outputs for T and RH.
            instrument:  (MI_Instrument)
                citation:  (CI_Citation)
                    title:  RM Young 05106/05306B Wind Sensor
                    date: (unknown)
                    identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                        code:  RM Young 05106/05306B
                    citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                        organisationName:  R.M. Young Company
                        contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                            phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                                voice:  231-946-3980
                                facsimile:  231-946-4772
                            address:  (CI_Address)
                                deliveryPoint:  2801 Aero Park Drive
                                city:  Traverse City
                                administrativeArea:  MI
                                postalCode:  49686
                                country:  USA
                                electronicMailAddress:  met.sales@youngusa.com
                            onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                                linkage: http://www.youngusa.com/products/11/
                                name:  RM Young 05106/05306B
                                description:  RM Young 05106/05306B information
                                function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                        role:  (CI_RoleCode) resourceProvider
                identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                    code:  RM Young 05106/05306B
                type:  Wind Speed and Direction
                description:  The wind direction sensor is a rugged molded vane. The wind speed sensor is a four blade helicoid propeller. Propeller diameter is slightly reduced from our standard model to minimize vibration at high speeds. External housing surfaces are coated with a specially formulated, Ice-resistant coating to improve performance in harsh alpine conditions. The all-black color scheme further enhances ice-shedding performance of the sensor. The instrument is made of UV stabilized plastic with stainless steel and anodized aluminum fittings.