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NCEI/WDS Global Significant Volcanic Eruptions Database, 4360 BC to Present
 (MI_Metadata)
    fileIdentifier:  gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.hazards:G10147
    language:  eng; USA
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    hierarchyLevel:  (MD_ScopeCode) dataset
    contact:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
        organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI> National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
        positionName:  Hazards Data Manager
        contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
            address:  (CI_Address)
                deliveryPoint:  325 Broadway
                city:  Boulder
                administrativeArea:  CO
                postalCode:  80305-3328
                country:  USA
                electronicMailAddress:  haz.info@noaa.gov
        role:  (CI_RoleCode) pointOfContact
    dateStamp:  2019-03-18
    metadataStandardName:  ISO 19115-2 Geographic Information - Metadata - Part 2: Extensions for Imagery and Gridded Data
    metadataStandardVersion:  ISO 19115-2:2009(E)
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    identificationInfo:  (MD_DataIdentification)
        citation:  (CI_Citation)
            title:  NCEI/WDS Global Significant Volcanic Eruptions Database, 4360 BC to Present
            date:  (CI_Date)
                date:  2001-03-23
                dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:
                  Anchor:  DOI doi:10.7289/V5JW8BSH
            citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                organisationName:  NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information
                role:  (CI_RoleCode) publisher
            citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                organisationName:  National Geophysical Data Center / World Data Service (NGDC/WDS)
                role:  (CI_RoleCode) originator
            citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                individualName:  Nicolas Arcos
                organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
                contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                    phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                        voice:  (303) 497-3158
                        facsimile:  (303) 497-6513
                    address:  (CI_Address)
                        deliveryPoint:  325 Broadway, Mail Code E/NE42
                        city:  Boulder
                        administrativeArea:  CO
                        postalCode:  80305-3328
                        country:  USA
                        electronicMailAddress:  haz.info@noaa.gov
                role:  (CI_RoleCode) pointOfContact
            presentationForm:  (CI_PresentationFormCode) mapDigital
            presentationForm:  (CI_PresentationFormCode) tableDigital
        abstract:  The Significant Volcanic Eruptions Database is a global listing of over 600 eruptions from 4360 BC to the present. A significant eruption is classified as one that meets at least one of the following criteria: caused fatalities, caused moderate damage (approximately $1 million or more), Volcanic Explosivity Index (VEI) of 6 or greater, generated a tsunami, or was associated with a significant earthquake. The database provides information on the latitude, longitude, elevation, type of volcano, last known eruption, VEI index, and socio-economic data such as the total number of casualties, injuries, houses destroyed, and houses damaged, and $ dollage damage estimates. References, political geography, and additional comments are also provided for each eruption. If the eruption was associated with a tsunami or significant earthquake, it is flagged and linked to the related database. For a complete list of current and past activity for all volcanoes on the planet active during the last 10,000 years, please see Smithsonian Institution's Global Volcanism Program (GVP).
        purpose:  These data are necessary for volcanic hazard assessments and mitigation efforts.
        status:  (MD_ProgressCode) onGoing
        pointOfContact:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
            individualName:  Nicolas Arcos
            organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
            contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                    voice:  (303) 497-3158
                    facsimile:  (303) 497-6513
                address:  (CI_Address)
                    deliveryPoint:  325 Broadway, Mail Code E/NE42
                    city:  Boulder
                    administrativeArea:  CO
                    postalCode:  80305-3328
                    country:  USA
                    electronicMailAddress:  haz.info@noaa.gov
            role:  (CI_RoleCode) pointOfContact
        resourceMaintenance:  (MD_MaintenanceInformation)
            maintenanceAndUpdateFrequency:  (MD_MaintenanceFrequencyCode) asNeeded
        graphicOverview:  (MD_BrowseGraphic)
            fileName: https://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/hazard/icons/73900106.jpg
            fileDescription:  A lava fountain from the 1959 eruption of Kilauea Iki, Hawaii.
            fileType:  jpg
        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
            keyword:  Earth Science > Solid Earth > Volcanoes > Eruption Dynamics
            keyword:  Earth Science > Solid Earth > Volcanoes > Lava
            keyword:  Earth Science > Solid Earth > Volcanoes > Magma
            keyword:  Earth Science > Solid Earth > Volcanoes > Pyroclastics
            keyword:  Earth Science > Solid Earth > Volcanoes > Volcanic Ash/Dust
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                title:  Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Science Keywords
                date:  (CI_Date)
                    date:  2018-03-15
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                edition:  8.6
                citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    organisationName:  NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Earth Science Data and Information System
                    contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                        onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                            linkage: https://earthdata.nasa.gov/about/gcmd/global-change-master-directory-gcmd-keywords
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                            description:  The information provided on this page seeks to define how the GCMD Keywords are structured, used and accessed. It also provides information on how users can participate in the further development of the keywords.
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                            linkage: https://earthdata.nasa.gov/about/gcmd/global-change-master-directory-gcmd-keywords
                            name:  Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Keywords
                            description:  The information provided on this page seeks to define how the GCMD Keywords are structured, used and accessed. It also provides information on how users can participate in the further development of the keywords.
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            keyword:  ICSU-WDS > International Council for Science - World Data System
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                title:  Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Project Keywords
                date:  (CI_Date)
                    date:  2018-03-28
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                edition:  8.6
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                            linkage: https://earthdata.nasa.gov/about/gcmd/global-change-master-directory-gcmd-keywords
                            name:  Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Keywords
                            description:  The information provided on this page seeks to define how the GCMD Keywords are structured, used and accessed. It also provides information on how users can participate in the further development of the keywords.
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                title:  Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Location Keywords
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                    date:  2017-07-25
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                edition:  8.6
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                            linkage: https://earthdata.nasa.gov/about/gcmd/global-change-master-directory-gcmd-keywords
                            name:  Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Keywords
                            description:  The information provided on this page seeks to define how the GCMD Keywords are structured, used and accessed. It also provides information on how users can participate in the further development of the keywords.
                            function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) custodian
        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
            keyword:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
            keyword:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NGDC > National Geophysical Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) dataCenter
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                title:  Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Data Center Keywords
                date:  (CI_Date)
                    date:  2018-03-18
                    dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
                edition:  8.6
                citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    organisationName:  NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Earth Science Data and Information System
                    contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                        onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                            linkage: https://earthdata.nasa.gov/about/gcmd/global-change-master-directory-gcmd-keywords
                            name:  Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Keywords
                            description:  The information provided on this page seeks to define how the GCMD Keywords are structured, used and accessed. It also provides information on how users can participate in the further development of the keywords.
                            function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) custodian
        resourceConstraints:  (MD_LegalConstraints)
            useLimitation:  (MD_RestrictionCode) otherRestrictions
            otherConstraints:  Cite as: National Geophysical Data Center / World Data Service (NGDC/WDS): NCEI/WDS Global Significant Volcanic Eruptions Database. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. doi:10.7289/V5JW8BSH [access date]
        resourceConstraints:  (MD_LegalConstraints)
            accessConstraints:  (MD_RestrictionCode) otherRestrictions
            otherConstraints:  Access to this dataset is unrestricted.
        resourceConstraints:  (MD_LegalConstraints)
            useConstraints:  (MD_RestrictionCode) otherRestrictions
            otherConstraints:  While every effort has been made to ensure that these data are accurate and reliable within the limits of the current state of the art, NOAA cannot assume liability for any damages caused by any errors or omissions in the data, nor as a result of the failure of the data to function on a particular system. NOAA makes no warranty, expressed or implied, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty.
        aggregationInfo:  (MD_AggregateInformation)
            aggregateDataSetName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  NCEI/WDS Global Historical Tsunami Database, 2100 BC to Present
                date:  (CI_Date)
                    date:  1974-01-01
                    dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
                identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                    code:
                      Anchor:  DOI doi:10.7289/V5PN93H7
            associationType:  (DS_AssociationTypeCode) partOfSeamlessDatabase
            initiativeType:  (DS_InitiativeTypeCode) collection
        aggregationInfo:  (MD_AggregateInformation)
            aggregateDataSetName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  NCEI/WDS Global Significant Earthquake Database, 2150 BC to Present
                date:  (CI_Date)
                    date:  1972-01-01
                    dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
                identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                    code:
                      Anchor:  DOI doi:10.7289/V5TD9V7K
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        aggregationInfo:  (MD_AggregateInformation)
            aggregateDataSetName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  Global Volcano Locations Database
                date:  (CI_Date)
                    date:  2002-01-01
                    dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
            associationType:  (DS_AssociationTypeCode) partOfSeamlessDatabase
            initiativeType:  (DS_InitiativeTypeCode) collection
        aggregationInfo:  (MD_AggregateInformation)
            aggregateDataSetName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  The volcanic explosivity index (VEI): an estimate of explosive magnitude for historical volcanism
                date:  (CI_Date)
                    date:  1982-01-01
                    dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
                citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    organisationName:  Newhall, C.G.
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) author
                citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    organisationName:  Self, S.
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) author
                series:  (CI_Series)
                    name:  Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans and Atmospheres
                    issueIdentification:  87
                otherCitationDetails:  pp. 1231-1238
            associationType:  (DS_AssociationTypeCode) crossReference
            initiativeType:  (DS_InitiativeTypeCode) sciencePaper
        aggregationInfo:  (MD_AggregateInformation)
            aggregateDataSetName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  Volcanoes of the World, 2nd edition
                date:  (CI_Date)
                    date:  1994-01-01
                    dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
                citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    organisationName:  Simkin, T.
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) author
                citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    organisationName:  Siebert, L.
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) author
                series:  (CI_Series)
                    name:  Geoscience Press in association with the Smithsonian Institute Global Volcanism Program
                otherCitationDetails:  368 p.
            associationType:  (DS_AssociationTypeCode) crossReference
            initiativeType:  (DS_InitiativeTypeCode) sciencePaper
        language:  eng; USA
        topicCategory:  (MD_TopicCategoryCode) oceans
        topicCategory:  (MD_TopicCategoryCode) geoscientificInformation
        extent:  (EX_Extent)
            geographicElement:  (EX_GeographicBoundingBox)
                westBoundLongitude:  -180
                eastBoundLongitude:  180
                southBoundLatitude:  -63
                northBoundLatitude:  71
            temporalElement:  (EX_TemporalExtent)
                extent:
                  TimePeriod:
                    beginPosition:  -4360
                    endPosition:
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    contentInfo:  (MI_CoverageDescription)
        attributeDescription:
          RecordType:  Volcano Name
        contentType:  (MD_CoverageContentTypeCode) referenceInformation
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    contentInfo:  (MI_CoverageDescription)
        attributeDescription:
          RecordType:  Event Date
        contentType:  (MD_CoverageContentTypeCode) physicalMeasurement
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    contentInfo:  (MI_CoverageDescription)
        attributeDescription:
          RecordType:  Location
        contentType:  (MD_CoverageContentTypeCode) coordinate
        dimension:  (MD_Band)
            sequenceIdentifier:
              MemberName:
                aName:  Latitude
                attributeType: (unknown)
            descriptor:  Distance measured north or south from the equator. Distance north is positive, distance south is negative.
            maxValue:
              Real:  90.00000
            minValue:
              Real:  -90.00000
            units:
              UnitDefinition:
                identifier:  decimal degrees
                name:  decimal degrees
        dimension:  (MD_Band)
            sequenceIdentifier:
              MemberName:
                aName:  Longitude
                attributeType: (unknown)
            descriptor:  Longitude is measured from the Prime Meridian (which is the north/south line that runs through Greenwich, England), values measured east are positive and values measured west are negative.
            maxValue:
              Real:  180.00000
            minValue:
              Real:  -180.00000
            units:
              UnitDefinition:
                identifier:  decimal degrees
                name:  decimal degrees
        dimension:  (MD_Band)
            sequenceIdentifier:
              MemberName:
                aName:  Elevation
                attributeType: (unknown)
            descriptor:  The elevation of the volcano above global mean sea level. Negative elevation indicates a submarine volcano.
            maxValue:
              Real:  6887
            minValue:
              Real:  -6000
            units:
              UnitDefinition:
                identifier:  meters
                name:  meters
        dimension:  (MD_Band)
            sequenceIdentifier:
              MemberName:
                aName:  Country
                attributeType: (unknown)
            descriptor:  The country in which the volcano is located.
        dimension:  (MD_Band)
            sequenceIdentifier:
              MemberName:
                aName:  Region
                attributeType: (unknown)
            descriptor:  The global region in which the volcano is located.
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    contentInfo:  (MI_CoverageDescription)
        attributeDescription:
          RecordType:  Volcano Type
        contentType:  (MD_CoverageContentTypeCode) thematicClassification
        dimension:  (MD_Band)
            sequenceIdentifier:
              MemberName:
                aName:  Type
                attributeType: (unknown)
            descriptor:  The volcano type as listed by the Smithsonian Institution, Global Volcanism Program. For more information please visit the Global Volcanism Program's volcano types and processes gallery.
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    contentInfo:  (MI_CoverageDescription)
        attributeDescription:
          RecordType:  Eruption Characteristics
        contentType:  (MD_CoverageContentTypeCode) physicalMeasurement
        dimension:  (MD_Band)
            sequenceIdentifier:
              MemberName:
                aName:  Associated Hazard
                attributeType: (unknown)
            descriptor:  Whether or not the volcanic eruption caused a tsunami and/or occurred in conjunction with a significant earthquake.
        rangeElementDescription:  (MI_RangeElementDescription)
            name:  Volcano Explosivity Index (VEI)
            definition:  A widely used classification scheme to describe the size of explosive eruptions. It is based principally on the erupted mass or volume of a deposit (Newhall and Self, 1982). Historic eruptions that were definitely explosive, but carry no other descriptive information are assigned a default VEI of 2.
            rangeElement:
              Record:  0 = General Description: Non-explosive, Cloud-Column Height: <0.1 km, Volume: 10^4 m^3, Qualitative Description: Gentle, Classification: Hawaiian, Recurrence: Daily, Example: Kilauea
            rangeElement:
              Record:  1 = General Description: Small, Cloud-Column Height: 0.1-1 km, Volume: 10^6 m^3, Qualitative Description: Effusive, Classification: Haw/Strombolian, Recurrence: Daily, Example: Stromboli
            rangeElement:
              Record:  2 = General Description: Moderate, Cloud-Column Height: 1-5 km, Volume: 10^7 m^3, Qualitative Description: Explosive, Classification: Strom/Vulcanian, Recurrence: Weekly, Example: Galeras, 1992
            rangeElement:
              Record:  3 = General Description: Moderate-Large, Cloud-Column Height: 3-15 km, Volume: 10^8 m^3, Qualitative Description: Explosive, Classification: Vulcanian, Recurrence: Yearly, Example: Ruiz, 1985
            rangeElement:
              Record:  4 = General Description: Large, Cloud-Column Height: 10-25 km, Volume: 10^9 m^3, Qualitative Description: Explosive, Classification: Vulc/Plinian, Recurrence: 10's of years, Example: Galunggung, 1982
            rangeElement:
              Record:  5 = General Description: Very Large, Cloud-Column Height: >25 km, Volume: 10^10 m^3, Qualitative Description: Cataclysmic, Classification: Plinian, Recurrence: 100's of years, Example: St. Helens, 1981
            rangeElement:
              Record:  6 = Cloud-Column Height: >25 km, Volume: 10^11 m^3, Qualitative Description: Paroxysmal, Classification: Plin/Ultra-Plinian, Recurrence: 100's of years, Example: Krakatau, 1883
            rangeElement:
              Record:  7 = Cloud-Column Height: >25 km, Volume: 10^12 m^3, Qualitative Description: Colossal, Classification: Ultra-Plinian, Recurrence: 1000's of years, Example: Tambora, 1815
            rangeElement:
              Record:  8 = Cloud-Column Height: >25 km, Volume: 10^12 m^3, Qualitative Description: Colossal, Classification: Ultra-Plinian, Recurrence: 10,000's of years, Example: Yellowstone, 2 Ma
        rangeElementDescription:  (MI_RangeElementDescription)
            name:  Agent
            definition:  The agent that caused the fatalities for an eruption. Adapted from Simkin and Siebert, 1994.
            rangeElement:
              Record:  A = Avalanche (Debris and landslides)
            rangeElement:
              Record:  E = Electrical (lightning)
            rangeElement:
              Record:  F = Floods (Jokulhlaups)
            rangeElement:
              Record:  G = Gas (emission from eruptive craters as well as fumarolic/solfataric activity)
            rangeElement:
              Record:  I = Indirect deaths (disease, starvation, exposure, desolation)
            rangeElement:
              Record:  L = Lava flows
            rangeElement:
              Record:  M = Mudflows/Lahars
            rangeElement:
              Record:  m = Secondary (post-eruption) mudflows
            rangeElement:
              Record:  P = Pyroclastic flows, surges, and direct blasts
            rangeElement:
              Record:  S = Seismic, or volcanic earthquake (tectonic earthquake deaths excluded)
            rangeElement:
              Record:  T = Tephra (ash, bombs, lapilli, steam blasts. Killing either by ballistic impact, or with finer-grained ash, by suffocation, collapse of ash-covered roogs, etc.
            rangeElement:
              Record:  W = Waves or tsunami
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    contentInfo:  (MI_CoverageDescription)
        attributeDescription:
          RecordType:  Eruption Effects
        contentType:  (MD_CoverageContentTypeCode) physicalMeasurement
        dimension:  (MD_Band)
            sequenceIdentifier:
              MemberName:
                aName:  Number of Deaths from the Eruption
                attributeType: (unknown)
            descriptor:  Whenever possible, numbers of deaths from the eruption are listed. These values indicate those deaths that resulted from the eruption. For total deaths (tsunami, volcano, and earthquake), see total deaths field under additional information.
        dimension:  (MD_Band)
            sequenceIdentifier:
              MemberName:
                aName:  Number of Injuries from the Eruption
                attributeType: (unknown)
            descriptor:  Whenever possible, numbers of injuries from the eruption are listed.
        dimension:  (MD_Band)
            sequenceIdentifier:
              MemberName:
                aName:  Damage in Millions of Dollars from the Eruption
                attributeType: (unknown)
            descriptor:  The value in the Damage column should be multipled by 1,000,000 to obtain the actual dollar amount. When a dollar amount for damage was found in the literature, it was listed in the Damage column in millions of U.S. dollars. The dollar value listed is the value at the time of the event. To convert the damage to current dollar values, please use the Consumer Price Index Calculator. Monetary conversion tables for the time of the event were used to convert foreign currency to U.S. dollars.
        dimension:  (MD_Band)
            sequenceIdentifier:
              MemberName:
                aName:  Number of Houses Destroyed by the Eruption
                attributeType: (unknown)
            descriptor:  Whenever possible, number of houses destroyed by the eruption are listed.
        rangeElementDescription:  (MI_RangeElementDescription)
            name:  Description of Number of Deaths from the Eruption
            definition:  When a description was found in the historical literature instead of an actual number of deaths, this value was coded and listed in the Deaths D column. If the actual number of deaths was listed, a descriptor was also added for search purposes.
            rangeElement:
              Record:  0 = None
            rangeElement:
              Record:  1 = Few (~1 to 50 deaths)
            rangeElement:
              Record:  2 = Some (~51 to 100 deaths)
            rangeElement:
              Record:  3 = Many (~101 to 1000 deaths)
            rangeElement:
              Record:  4 = Very Many (~1001 or more deaths)
        rangeElementDescription:  (MI_RangeElementDescription)
            name:  Description of Number of Injuries from the Eruption
            definition:  When a description was found in the historical literature instead of an actual number of injuries, this value was coded and listed in the Injuries De column. If the actual number of injuries was listed, a descriptor was also added for search purposes.
            rangeElement:
              Record:  0 = None
            rangeElement:
              Record:  1 = Few (~1 to 50 injuries)
            rangeElement:
              Record:  2 = Some (~51 to 100 injuries)
            rangeElement:
              Record:  3 = Many (~101 to 1000 injuries)
            rangeElement:
              Record:  4 = Very Many (~1001 or more injuries)
        rangeElementDescription:  (MI_RangeElementDescription)
            name:  Description of Damage from the Eruption
            definition:  For those events not offering a monetary evaluation of damage, the following five-level scale was used to classify damage (1990 dollars) and was listed in the Damage De column. If the actual dollar amount of damage was listed, a descriptor was also added for search purposes. When possible, a rough estimate was made of the dollar amount of damage based upon the description provided, in order to choose the damage category. In many cases, only a single descriptive term was available. These terms were converted to the damage categories based upon the authors apparent use of the term elsewhere. In the absence of other information, LIMITED is considered synonymous with slight, minor, and light, SEVERE as synonymous with major, extensive, and heavy, and EXTREME as synonymous with catastrophic. Note: The descriptive terms relate approximately to current dollar values.
            rangeElement:
              Record:  0 = NONE
            rangeElement:
              Record:  1 = LIMITED (roughly corresponding to less than $1 million)
            rangeElement:
              Record:  2 = MODERATE (~$1 to $5 million)
            rangeElement:
              Record:  3 = SEVERE (~>$5 to $24 million)
            rangeElement:
              Record:  4 = EXTREME (~$25 million or more)
        rangeElementDescription:  (MI_RangeElementDescription)
            name:  Description of Number of Houses Destroyed by the Eruption
            definition:  For those events not offering an exact number of houses destroyed, the following four-level scale was used to classify the destruction and was listed in the Houses Destroyed De column. If the actual number of houses destroyed was listed, a descriptor was also added for search purposes.
            rangeElement:
              Record:  0 = None
            rangeElement:
              Record:  1 = Few (~1 to 50 houses)
            rangeElement:
              Record:  2 = Some (~51 to 100 houses)
            rangeElement:
              Record:  3 = Many (~101 to 1000 houses)
            rangeElement:
              Record:  4 = Very Many (~1001 or more houses)
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    distributionInfo:  (MD_Distribution)
        distributionFormat:  (MD_Format)
            name:  ASCII
            version: (unknown)
        distributionFormat:  (MD_Format)
            name:  ArcGIS
            version: (unknown)
        distributor:  (MD_Distributor)
            distributorContact:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI> National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
                positionName:  Hazards Data Manager
                contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                    address:  (CI_Address)
                        deliveryPoint:  325 Broadway
                        city:  Boulder
                        administrativeArea:  CO
                        postalCode:  80305-3328
                        country:  USA
                        electronicMailAddress:  haz.info@noaa.gov
                role:  (CI_RoleCode) pointOfContact
            distributionOrderProcess:  (MD_StandardOrderProcess)
                fees:  Free online
        transferOptions:  (MD_DigitalTransferOptions)
            onLine:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                linkage: https://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/nndc/struts/form?t=102557&s=50&d=50
                protocol:  http
                name:  Significant Volcanic Eruptions Database
                description:  The database contains information on the latitude, longitude, elevation, type of volcano, last known eruption, VEI index, and socio-economic data such as the total number of casualties, injuries, houses destroyed, and houses damaged, and $ dollage damage estimates, if available. If the eruption was associated with a tsunami or significant earthquake, it is flagged and linked to the related database.
                function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) search
            onLine:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                linkage: https://maps.ngdc.noaa.gov/viewers/hazards/?layers=3
                protocol:  http
                name:  Natural Hazards Map Viewer - Significant Volcanic Eruptions Layer
                description:  Tsunami source and runup locations, significant earthquake epicenters, significant volcanic eruption locations.
                function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) search
            onLine:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                linkage: https://gis.ngdc.noaa.gov/export/hazards/hazards.kmz
                protocol:  http
                name:  Google Earth KML
                description:  Tsunami source and runup locations, significant earthquake epicenters, significant volcanic eruption locations.
                function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) download
            onLine:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                linkage: https://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/hazard/
                name:  NGDC Natural Hazards Website
                description:  Data, products and services for natural hazards.
                function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
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    dataQualityInfo:  (DQ_DataQuality)
        scope:  (DQ_Scope)
            level:  (MD_ScopeCode) dataset
        lineage:  (LI_Lineage)
            statement:  The events in the Significant Volcanic Eruption database were gathered from the Smithsonian Institution's Global Volcanism Program, the U.S. Geological Survey, volcano catalogs, national and government databases and reports, post-event reconnaissance reports, journal articles, newspapers, internet sources, email, and other documents. It should be noted a primary source of information is Volcanoes of the World (Simkin et al.,1981) as well as the subsequent second and third editions.
            processStep:  (LI_ProcessStep)
                description:  The database is updated upon the availability of new volcanic eruption data.
                processor:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    individualName:  Natural Hazards Data Manager
                    organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) custodian
            source:  (LI_Source)
                description:  The events in the Significant Volcanic Eruption database were gathered from the Smithsonian Institution's Global Volcanism Program, the U.S. Geological Survey, volcano catalogs, national and government databases and reports, post-event reconnaissance reports, journal articles, newspapers, internet sources, email, and other documents. It should be noted a primary source of information is Volcanoes of the World (Simkin et al.,1981) as well as the subsequent second and third editions.
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    dataQualityInfo:  (DQ_DataQuality)
        scope:  (DQ_Scope)
            level:  (MD_ScopeCode) dataset
        report:  (DQ_CompletenessCommission)
            evaluationMethodDescription:  The database is of high quality and complete. The information was collected from many sources to ensure accuracy and completeness.
            result: (unknown)
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    dataQualityInfo:  (DQ_DataQuality)
        scope:  (DQ_Scope)
            level:  (MD_ScopeCode) repository
            levelDescription:  (MD_ScopeDescription)
                other:  NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information
        lineage:  (LI_Lineage)
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  NOAA created the National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) by merging NOAA's National Climatic Data Center (NCDC), National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC), and National Oceanographic Data Center (NODC), including the National Coastal Data Development Center (NCDDC), per the Consolidated and Further Continuing Appropriations Act, 2015, Public Law 113-235. NCEI launched publicly on April 22, 2015.
                dateTime:
                  DateTime:  2015-04-22T00:00:00
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    metadataMaintenance:  (MD_MaintenanceInformation)
        maintenanceAndUpdateFrequency:  (MD_MaintenanceFrequencyCode) unknown
        maintenanceNote:  This record was automatically modified on 2015-10-01 to include references to NCEI where applicable.
        contact:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
            individualName:  Anna J Milan
            organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
            positionName:  Metadata Specialist
            contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                    voice:  (303) 497-5099
                    facsimile:  (303) 497-6513
                address:  (CI_Address)
                    deliveryPoint:  Mail Code E/NE52
                    deliveryPoint:  325 Broadway
                    city:  Boulder
                    administrativeArea:  CO
                    postalCode:  80305-3328
                    country:  USA
                    electronicMailAddress:  Anna.Milan@noaa.gov
                hoursOfService:  9:00 - 5:00 Mountain
            role:  (CI_RoleCode) pointOfContact