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Atchafalaya Bay, LA (G220) Bathymetric Digital Elevation Model (30 meter resolution) Derived From Source Hydrographic Survey Soundings Collected by NOAA
Bathymetry for Atchafalaya Bay was derived from eleven surveys containing 127,192 soundings. No surveys were omitted. The average separation between soundings was 130 meters. The surveys dated from 1934 and 1935. The range of soundings for the eleven surveys was 0.9 meters to -39.0 meters at mean low water. Mean high water values between 0.4 and 0.6 meters were assigned to the shoreline. Twelve points from three surveys were found that were not consistent with the surrounding data. These points were removed prior to tinning. DEM grid values outside the shoreline (onland) were assigned null values (-32676). Atchafalaya Bay has twenty-six 7.5 minute DEMs and a single one degree DEM. The 1 degree DEMs were generated from the higher resolution 7.5 minute DEMs which covered the estuary. A Digital Elevation Model (DEM) contains a series of elevations ordered from south to north with the order of the columns from west to east. The DEM is formatted as one ASCII header record (A- record), followed by a series of profile records (B- records) each of which include a short B-record header followed by a series of ASCII integer elevations (typically in units of 1 centimeter) per each profile.The last physical record of the DEM is an accuracy record (C-record).The 7.5-minute DEM (30- by 30-m data spacing) is cast on the Universal Transverse Mercator (UTM) projection. It provides coverage in 7.5- by 7.5-minute blocks. Each product provides the same coverage as a standard USGS 7.5-minute quadrangle but the DEM contains over edge data. Coverage is available for many estuaries of the contiguous United States but is not complete.