Marine Mammal Protection Act

The Marine Mammal Protection Act (MMPA or Act) prohibits, with certain exceptions, the "take" of marine mammals in U.S. waters and by U.S. citizens on the high seas, and the importation of marine mammals and marine mammal products into the U.S. The MMPA gives the Secretary of Commerce, working through the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's National Marine Fisheries Service, authority and duties under the Act for all Cetaceans (whales, dolphins, and porpoises) and Pinnipeds (seals and sea lions, except walruses), and gives authority for other species of marine mammals to the Secretary of the Interior, working through the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service. The Secretaries are also required to prepare and periodically revise stock assessments of marine mammal stocks (section 117). In addition, the Secretary of Commerce must publish in the Federal Register and revise at least annually a list of commercial fisheries that categorizes the fisheries based on the incidence of serious injury and mortality of marine mammals (section 118(c)).

When investigating geo-regulatory boundaries near the boundary edges, users should consult the most up to date applicable jurisdictional boundaries from all respective authoritative sources.

Data and Resources

Additional Info

Field Value
Last Updated May 10, 2020, 02:20
Created January 3, 2020, 01:34
access_constraints ["Access Constraints: None | Use Constraints: These data represent the unofficial boundary of the Marine Mammal Protection Act, as of 2016. For the official boundary, please reference language within the authoritative legislation and consult the governing agency/agencies. A copy of the legislation is found here:\n\nThese data are intended for coastal and ocean use planning. Not for navigation.\n | Distribution Liability: NOAA makes no warranties or representations whatsoever regarding the availability, quality, accuracy, content, completeness or suitability for the user's needs of such information. The services, information, and data made available on the web site are provided 'as is' without warranties of any kind. These data are intended for coastal and ocean use planning. Not for navigation."]
bbox-east-long 180
bbox-north-lat 74.708840004
bbox-south-lat -17.555000002
bbox-west-long -180
coupled-resource []
dataset-reference-date [{"type": "publication", "value": "2016-05-11"}]
frequency-of-update asNeeded
guid gov.noaa.nmfs.inport:48893
licence ["NOAA provides no warranty, nor accepts any liability occurring from any incomplete, incorrect, or misleading data, or from any incorrect, incomplete, or misleading use of the data. It is the responsibility of the user to determine whether or not the data is suitable for the intended purpose."]
metadata-date 2020-02-04T00:00:00
metadata-language eng
progress completed
resource-type dataset
responsible-party [{"name": "NOAA Office for Coastal Management", "roles": ["pointOfContact", "custodian"]}]
spatial {"type": "Polygon", "coordinates": [[[-180.0, -17.555000002], [180.0, -17.555000002], [180.0, 74.708840004], [-180.0, 74.708840004], [-180.0, -17.555000002]]]}
spatial_harvester true