GOM_Oysters_DigitalAtlas2011

American oyster Crassostrea virginica Description Range: The American oyster, a bivalve mollusc of the family Ostreidae, is found in the western Atlantic from the Gulf of St. Lawrence to the Yucatan Peninsula. In the Gulf, this species occurs throughout estuaries, shallow nearshore waters, and on reefs located near river mouths. Habitat: Large populations of this benthic invertebrate are found in the large estuarine bays and sounds of the Gulf (with most concentrations found within 10-meter depths). Sedentary in character, this invertebrate attaches in clusters to shell reefs, firm mud/shell bottoms and other hard substrates. Feeding and Behavior: The American oyster filter-feeds principally on small unicellular algae and incidentally on suspended detrital particles. It is found in association with numerous predators, commensals, and parasites. Reproduction: Spawning also occurs in estuarine habitats. In the Gulf of Mexico, April to October are the most active months, although spawning has been reported during all months except February and March. Nursery areas are found in estuarine waters. Movement: Planktonic larvae drift with the tides and currents until they settle on solid substrate. Fisheries: This species is commercially harvested throughout its range for its meat, the seasonality for harvesting being state regulated. The fishery for this species is the fourth largest in the U.S. Gulf of Mexico and there is also a commercial fishery in Mexican waters. The species is harvested recreationally.

Data and Resources

Additional Info

Field Value
Last Updated September 18, 2019, 23:55
Created September 18, 2019, 23:55
access_constraints ["Access Constraints: Privacy Policy We are committed to\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\tthe privacy of our visitors. We collect no personal information about\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\tyou when you visit our Web site unless you choose to provide that\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\tinformation to us. Here is how we handle information about your visit to\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\tour Web site. Information Collected and Stored Automatically: If you do\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\tnothing during your visit but browse through the Web site, read pages or\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\tdownload information, we will gather and store certain information about\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\tyour visit automatically. This information does not identify you\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\tpersonally. We automatically collect and store information like the\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\tfollowing concerning your visit. The Internet domain (for example,\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\"xcompany.com\" if you use a private Internet access account, or\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\"yourschool.edu\" if you connect from a university's domain); Your IP\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\taddress (an IP address is a number that is automatically assigned to\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\tyour computer whenever you are surfing the Web) from which you access\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\tour Web site. The type of browser and operating system used to access\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\tour site; The date and time you access our site; The pages you visit;\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\tand If you linked to our Web site from another Web site, the address of\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\tthat Web site. We use this information to help us make our site more\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\tuseful to visitors?to learn about the number of visitors to our site and\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\tthe types of technology our visitors use. Information Protection For\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\tsite security purposes and to ensure that this service remains available\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\tto all users, this government computer system employs software programs\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\tto monitor network traffic to identify unauthorized attempts to upload\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\tor change information, or otherwise cause damage. If such monitoring\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\treveals evidence of possible abuse or criminal activity, such evidence\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\tmay be provided to appropriate law enforcement officials. Unauthorized\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\tattempts to upload or change information on this server are strictly\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\tprohibited and may be punishable under the Computer Fraud and Abuse Act\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\tof 1986 and the National Information Infrastructure Protection Act or\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\tother law. Information That You Voluntarily Provide We do not collect\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\tpersonally-identifiable information unless you choose to provide it to\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\tus. If you provide us with personally identifiable information, for\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\texample by sending an e-mail or by filling out a form and submitting it\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\tthrough our Web site, we use that information only to respond to your\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\tmessage and to help us provide you with the information and services\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\tthat you request. Submitting voluntary information constitutes your\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\tconsent to the use of the information for the stated purpose. When a\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\tuser clicks the \"Submit\" button on any of the Web forms found on our\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\tsite they are indicating voluntary consent to use of the information\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\tthey submit for the stated purpose. We do not collect or use information\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\tfor commercial marketing. How Information is Used The information we\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\tcollect is used for a variety of purposes (e.g., comments on proposed\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\trules, license applications, to respond to requests for information\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\tabout our regulations and policies and to fill orders). We make every\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\teffort to disclose clearly how information is used at the point where it\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\tis collected so that our users can determine for themselves whether they\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\twish to provide the information. Sharing of Information We may share the\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\tinformation you give us with another government agency if your inquiry\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\trelates to that agency. In other limited circumstances, such as\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\tresponses to requests from Congress and private individuals, we may be\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\trequired by law to disclose information you submit. Before you submit\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\tpersonally identifiable information, such as on an online form, you will\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\tbe advised as to the purpose and how the information will be used.\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\tRetention of Information We destroy the information we collect when the\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\tpurpose for which it was provided has been fulfilled unless we are\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\trequired to keep it longer by statute or official policy. Electronically\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\tsubmitted information is maintained and destroyed according to the\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\tprinciples of the Federal Records Act and the regulations and records\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\tschedules approved by the National Archives and Records Administration,\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\tand in some cases information submitted to us may become an agency\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\trecord and therefore might be subject to a Freedom of Information Act\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\trequest. Links to Other Sites This site may have links to the Web sites\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\tof other federal agencies. There may be links to private organizations,\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\twith their permission. Once you go to another site, you are subject to\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\tthe privacy policy of the new site. It is always a good idea to read the\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\tPrivacy Policy of any Web site that you visit. Cookies \"Cookies\" are\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\tsmall bits of text that are either used for the duration of a session\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t(\"session cookies\"), or saved on a user's hard drive in order to\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\tidentify that user, or information about that user, the next time the\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\tuser logs on to a Web site (\"persistent cookies\"). This Web site does\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\tnot use persistent cookies or any other persistent tracking technology.\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\tOne or more of our component sites may use session cookies to provide\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\tstreamlined navigation. These session cookies are deleted from the\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\tcomponent's server after your session ends and information from them is\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\tnot collected or saved. Interaction with Children This Web site may\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\toffer educational content to children under 13. No personally\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\tidentifiable information is collected from them unless voluntarily\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\tsubmitted as a request for information or services. The information\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\tcollected is used to respond to user inquiries or to provide services\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\trequested by our users. Your Rights Under the Privacy Act More\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\tinformation about the Privacy Act can be found at:\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\thttp://www.noaa.gov/privacy.html Use Constraints: More information about\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\tthe Privacy Act can be found at:\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\thttp://www.noaa.gov/privacy.html"]
bbox-east-long -81.506342
bbox-north-lat 30.662095
bbox-south-lat 25.886612
bbox-west-long -97.517836
contact-email ali.mckenzie@tamucc.edu
coupled-resource []
dataset-reference-date [{"type": "publication", "value": "2011"}]
frequency-of-update asNeeded
guid 27edbd80-8d69-11e1-b0c4-0800200c9a66
licence []
metadata-date 2019-08-15
metadata-language
progress completed
resource-type dataset
responsible-party [{"name": "Harte Research Institute for Gulf of Mexico Studies at Texas\n\t\t\t\t\tA&M University-Corpus Christi", "roles": ["pointOfContact"]}]
spatial {"type": "Polygon", "coordinates": [[[-97.517836, 25.886612], [-81.506342, 25.886612], [-81.506342, 30.662095], [-97.517836, 30.662095], [-97.517836, 25.886612]]]}
spatial-data-service-type
spatial-reference-system urn:ogc:def:crs:EPSG::4269
spatial_harvester true
temporal-extent-begin 1969
temporal-extent-end 2009