Endangered Species Act Critical Habitat

Critical habitat (CH) is designated for the survival and recovery of species listed as threatened or endangered under the Endangered Species Act (ESA). Critical habitat includes those areas occupied by the species, on which are found physical and biological features that are essential to the conservation of an ESA listed species and which may require special management considerations or protection. Critical habitat may also include unoccupied habitat if the Secretary determines that the unoccupied habitat is essential for the conservation of the species. Critical habitat is designated by regulation at the time a species is listed under the ESA unless it is not prudent to do so or it is not determinable at the time. If it is not determinable, then NMFS must designate CH no later than one year after publication of a final listing. After identifying areas that meet the definition of CH, NMFS conducts an analysis to determine whether the economic, national security, or other relevant impacts of designating some areas as CH outweigh the benefits to the species. If so, NMFS may exclude such areas from the final CH designation. Each proposed and final regulation is published in the Federal Register. The final CH designation is also published in the Code of Federal Regulations (50 CFR 226).

Data and Resources

Additional Info

Field Value
Last Updated June 20, 2017, 17:28
Created June 20, 2017, 17:28
access_constraints ["Use Constraints: Users are advised that the spatial representation of critical habitat is for informational purposes only and should not be solely relied on for regulatory purposes, the textual definitions of critical habitat in the Code of Federal Regulations Title 50, Part 226 are ultimately determinative of the boundaries of critical habitat.", "Access Constraints: These data are publicly accessible and downloadable via http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/gis/data/critical.htm."]
bbox-east-long 180.000000
bbox-north-lat 65.830103
bbox-south-lat 14.930000
bbox-west-long -180.000000
contact-email Dwayne.Meadows@noaa.gov
coupled-resource []
dataset-reference-date [{"type": "publication", "value": "2011-01-01"}]
frequency-of-update asNeeded
licence ["See access and use constraints information."]
metadata-date 2011-10-07
progress completed
resource-type dataset
responsible-party [{"name": "NOAA Fisheries Headquarters", "roles": ["pointOfContact"]}]
spatial {"type": "Polygon", "coordinates": [[[-180.0, 14.93], [180.0, 14.93], [180.0, 65.830103], [-180.0, 65.830103], [-180.0, 14.93]]]}
spatial_harvester true
temporal-extent-begin 1996-01-01
temporal-extent-end 2011-01-01