Dissolved inorganic carbon, total alkalinity, nitrate, phosphate, temperature and other variables collected from time series observations at Heron Island Reef Flat from 2010-06-01 to 2010-12-13 (NCEI Accession 0127256)

This archival package contains carbonate chemistry and environmental parameters data that were collected from a 200-day time series monitoring on the Heron Island reef flat near the Great Barrier Reef. Understanding the temporal dynamics of present thermal and pH exposure on coral reefs is crucial for elucidating reef response to future global change. Diel ranges in temperature and carbonate chemistry parameters coupled with seasonal changes in the mean conditions define periods during the year when a reef habitat is exposed to anomalous thermal and/or pH exposure. In this study we define anomalous conditions as pH and temperature values that exceed a threshold that we have operationally defined for each variable. We present a 200-day time series from June through December 2010 of carbonate chemistry and environmental parameters measured on the Heron Island reef flat. These data reveal that aragonite saturation state, pH, and pCO2 were primarily modulated by biologically-driven, changes in dissolved organic carbon (DIC) and total alkalinity (TA), rather than salinity and temperature. The largest diel temperature ranges occurred in austral spring, in October (1.5 - 6.6 degrees Celsius) and lowest diel ranges (0.9 - 3.2 degrees Celsius) were observed in July, at the peak of winter. We observed large diel total pH variability, with a maximum range of 7.7 - 8.5 total pH units, with minimum diel average pH values occurring during spring and maximum during fall. As with many other reefs, the nighttime pH minima on the reef flat were far lower than pH values predicted for the open ocean by 2100. DIC and TA both increased from June (end of Fall) to December (end of Spring). Using this high-resolution dataset, we developed exposure metrics of pH and temperature individually for intensity, duration, and severity of low pH and high temperature events, as well as a combined metric. Periods of anomalous temperature and pH exposure were asynchronous on the Heron Island reef flat, which underlines the importance of understanding the dynamics of co-occurrence of multiple stressors on coastal ecosystems.

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Additional Info

Field Value
Last Updated October 11, 2019, 08:25
Created October 24, 2018, 13:29
access_constraints ["Cite as: Kline, David I.; Teneva, Lida; Hauri, Claudine; Schneider, Kenneth; Miard, Thomas; Chai, Aaron; Marker, Malcolm; Dunbar, Robert B.; Caldeira, Ken; Lazar, Boaz; Rivlin, Tanya; Mitchell, B. Greg; Dove, Sophie G.; Hoegh-Guldberg, Ove (2015). Dissolved inorganic carbon, total alkalinity, nitrate, phosphate, temperature and other variables collected from time series observations at Heron Island Reef Flat from 2010-06-01 to 2010-12-13 (NCEI Accession 0127256). [indicate subset used]. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.7289/v55m63mf. Accessed [date].", "Use liability: NOAA and NCEI cannot provide any warranty as to the accuracy, reliability, or completeness of furnished data. Users assume responsibility to determine the usability of these data. The user is responsible for the results of any application of this data for other than its intended purpose."]
bbox-east-long 151.92
bbox-north-lat -23.45
bbox-south-lat -23.45
bbox-west-long 151.92
contact-email NCEI.Info@noaa.gov
coupled-resource []
dataset-reference-date [{"type": "publication", "value": "2015-04-08"}]
frequency-of-update asNeeded
graphic-preview-description Preview graphic
graphic-preview-file https://data.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/gfx?id=gov.noaa.nodc:0127256
graphic-preview-type PNG
guid gov.noaa.nodc:0127256
licence ["accessLevel: Public"]
metadata-date 2019-04-12T21:33:19Z
metadata-language eng
progress completed
resource-type dataset
responsible-party [{"name": "", "roles": ["pointOfContact"]}]
spatial {"type": "Point", "coordinates": [151.92, -23.45]}
spatial-data-service-type
spatial-reference-system
spatial_harvester true
temporal-extent-begin 2010-06-01
temporal-extent-end 2010-12-13