Archival and Discovery of November 27, 1945 Tsunami Event on Marigrams

These water level data were digitized from a scanned marigram image associated with the tsunami event of 1946-11-27 at a tide gauge located at Karachi, Pakistan, and referenced to unknown datum. The Karachi marigram is one of the two instrumental records existing of the 1945 Makran tsunami and spans most of the 16 days between November 15 and December 1. The original Karachi analog record belongs to the Survey of India (SOI) and was collected and digitized by the National Institute of Oceanography (NIO) and Indian National Center for Ocean Information Services (INCOIS) for use in the publication of a few scientific papers. This digital marigram scan was reformatted into the accompanying digital, numerical time series by the Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences (CIRES), Boulder, CO.
Acknowledgement of SOI, NIO, and INCOIS should be included in any future scientific works using this record.

Data and Resources

Additional Info

Field Value
Last Updated November 3, 2019, 15:09
Created November 3, 2019, 15:09
access_constraints ["Cite as: Survey of India, National Institute of Oceanography, India, Indian National Center for Ocean Information Service, and Lindsey Wright. 2019. Archival and Discovery of November 27, 1945 Tsunami Event on Marigrams. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. doi:10.25921/v3a2-m248. Accessed [date].", "Use Constraints: Public domain data from the National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI), an agency of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), are freely redistributable with proper metadata and source attribution. Please recognize NCEI as the source of these data. You are not permitted to use NCEI's name or to suggest that NCEI endorses your project or product, without its express written consent. While efforts have been made to ensure that these data are accurate and reliable within the state of the art, NCEI cannot assume liability for any damages or misrepresentation caused by any inaccuracies in the data or as a result of changes to the data caused by system transfers. The user must be aware of data conditions and bear responsibility for the appropriate use of these data with respect to possible errors, original drawing scale, collection methodology, currency of data, and other conditions specific to these data. Distribution Liability: Although every effort has been made to ensure the accuracy of these data, errors and conditions originating from physical sources used to develop these data may be reflected in the data supplied. The client must be aware of data conditions and bear responsibility for the appropriate use of the information with respect to possible errors, original drawing scale, collection methodology, currency of data, and other conditions specific to certain data. In no event shall NCEI be liable for any damages, whether general, special, incidental or consequential damages, arising out of your use of these data. Your sole remedy for damages is to stop using the data. You agree to defend, indemnify, and hold harmless NCEI and its employees or affilitates against any claim, loss, liability or expense, including attorneys' fees, resulting from loss of or damage to property or the injury to or death of any person arising out of the use of the data."]
bbox-east-long 66.970
bbox-north-lat 24.804
bbox-south-lat 24.804
bbox-west-long 66.970
contact-email haz.info@noaa.gov
coupled-resource []
dataset-reference-date [{"type": "creation", "value": "2019-10-24"}]
frequency-of-update
graphic-preview-description Digitized marigram from Karachi, Pakistan, 1945-11-27
graphic-preview-file https://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/hazard/data/marigrams/1761/19451127_karachi_542x300px.png
graphic-preview-type png
guid gov.noaa.ncei:19451127marigram
licence []
metadata-date 2019-10-31
metadata-language
progress complete
resource-type series
responsible-party [{"name": "DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information", "roles": ["pointOfContact"]}]
spatial {"type": "Point", "coordinates": [66.97, 24.804]}
spatial-data-service-type
spatial-reference-system
spatial_harvester true
temporal-extent-begin 1945-11-15T05:15:25Z
temporal-extent-end 1945-12-01T05:29:56Z