Artificial Reefs

An artificial reef is a human-made underwater structure, typically built to promote marine life in areas with a generally featureless bottom, control erosion, block ship passage, or improve surfing. Many reefs are built using objects that were built for other purposes, for example by sinking oil rigs (through the Rigs-to-Reefs program), scuttling ships, or by deploying rubble or construction debris. Other artificial reefs are purpose built (e.g. the reef balls) from PVC or concrete. Shipwrecks may become artificial reefs when preserved on the sea floor. Regardless of construction method, artificial reefs generally provide hard surfaces where algae and invertebrates such as barnacles, corals, and oysters attach; the accumulation of attached marine life in turn provides intricate structure and food for assemblages of fish. The presence and location of these artificial reefs are not considered to be exact, and have been derived from multiple state websites.

Data and Resources

Additional Info

Field Value
Last Updated October 4, 2017, 21:09
Created June 19, 2017, 22:08
access_constraints ["Use Constraints: These data are intended for coastal and ocean use planning. Not for navigation.", "Access Constraints: None"]
bbox-east-long -66.082733
bbox-north-lat 42.344014
bbox-south-lat 17.952488
bbox-west-long -158.199448
coupled-resource []
dataset-reference-date [{"type": "publication", "value": "2017-09-20"}]
frequency-of-update asNeeded
licence ["NOAA makes no warranties or representations whatsoever regarding the availability, quality, accuracy, content, completeness or suitability for the user's needs of such information. The services, information, and data made available on the web site are provided 'as is' without warranties of any kind. These data are intended for coastal and ocean use planning. Not for navigation."]
metadata-date 2017-09-20
progress completed
resource-type dataset
responsible-party [{"name": "NOAA Office for Coastal Management", "roles": ["pointOfContact"]}]
spatial {"type": "Polygon", "coordinates": [[[-158.199448, 17.952488], [-66.082733, 17.952488], [-66.082733, 42.344014], [-158.199448, 42.344014], [-158.199448, 17.952488]]]}
spatial_harvester true